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Occludin is an integral membrane protein that has been suggested to play a role in the organization and dynamic function of the epithelial tight junction (TJ). A number of other proteins have also been described to localize to the TJ. We have used a novel bait peptide method to investigate potential protein-protein interactions of the putative coiled-coil(More)
Tight junctions (TJ) of polarized epithelial cells regulate barrier function at mucosal surfaces. Structural proteins of TJs include hyperphosphorylated occludin (HO) and the peripheral membrane protein, ZO-1. Since TJs are dynamically regulated, and lipid-modified signal transduction proteins localize to TJs, we considered the possibility that the TJ(More)
Transepithelial migration of neutrophils (PMN) is a defining characteristic of active inflammatory states of mucosal surfaces. The process of PMN transepithelial migration, while dependent on the neutrophil beta 2 integrin CD11b/CD18, remains poorly understood. In these studies, we define a monoclonal antibody, C5/D5, raised against epithelial membrane(More)
BACKGROUND Epithelial dysfunction and patient symptoms in inflammatory intestinal diseases such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease correlate with migration of neutrophils (PMN) across the intestinal epithelium. In vitro modeling of PMN transepithelial migration has revealed distinct differences from transendothelial migration. By using polarized(More)
PURPOSE The goal of this research was to harness a monoclonal antibody (mAb) discovery platform to identify cell-surface antigens highly expressed on cancer and develop, through Fc optimization, potent mAb therapies toward these tumor-specific antigens. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Fifty independent mAbs targeting the cell-surface immunoregulatory B7-H3 protein(More)
In the intestine, lung, and urinary tract, neutrophil (polymorphonuclear leukocyte, PMN) transepithelial migration is dependent on the leukocyte beta2 integrin CD11b/CD18. While the regions of CD11b involved in recognition of several soluble ligands are known, those that mediate PMN-epithelial interactions have not been investigated. In this study, mAbs(More)
Endothelial cell junctional adhesion molecule (JAM)-C has been proposed to regulate neutrophil migration. In the current study, we used function-blocking mAbs against human JAM-C to determine its role in human leukocyte adhesion and transendothelial cell migration under flow conditions. JAM-C surface expression in HUVEC was uniformly low, and treatment with(More)
Cell-cell interactions of the mucosal epithelia are important for the maintenance and establishment of epithelial barrier function. During events of inflammation, such cell-cell interactions are often disrupted, resulting in a leaky epithelial barrier, which in turn can lead to various inflammatory and infective dysfunctions. Human junctional adhesion(More)
Screening expressed sequence tag databases for endothelial-specific homologs to human junctional adhesion molecule (JAM) and A33-Ag, we identified a protein of 298 aa that represents the recently described vascular endothelial-JAM (VE-JAM)/JAM 2. We confirmed VE-JAM/JAM 2 expression to be restricted to the high endothelial venule of tonsil and lymph nodes,(More)
Idiopathic intestinal disease states characterized by active inflammation associated with transepithelial migration of neutrophils may, paradoxically, be associated with an increased risk of infection by enteric pathogens. Although the specific ligands with which various intestinal pathogens associate remain largely unknown, it is thought that many reside(More)