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Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), including the fly homologue Decapentaplegic (DPP), are important regulators of early vertebrate and invertebrate dorsal-ventral development. An evolutionarily conserved BMP regulatory mechanism operates from fly to fish, frog and mouse to control the dorsal-ventral axis determination. Several secreted factors, including(More)
Neurons containing the decapeptide GnRH originate in the olfactory placodes and migrate into the central nervous system during fetal development. The neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) has been proposed as a trophic factor and may also influence neuronal migration. Immunocytochemical analyses were conducted in fetal rats, mice, and humans to(More)
Gonadotropin releasing-hormone (GnRH) regulates the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis in vertebrates. The regulation of GnRH is intimately related to information from the olfactory system. Additionally, GnRH neurons are thought to be derived from progenitor cells in medial olfactory placodes. The present experiments were conducted to characterize the(More)
Members of the epidermal growth factor family of receptors have long been implicated in the pathogenesis of various tumors, and more recently, apparent roles in the developing heart and nervous system have been described. Numerous ligands that activate these receptors have been isolated. We report here on the cloning and initial characterization of a second(More)
The preoptic area/anterior hypothalamus (POA/AH) is a site where hormones dramatically influence development. The POA/AH is comprised of multiple subgroups, but little is known about the derivation of these subgroups during development. Results from several laboratories suggest that some cells in the POA/AH originate from progenitor cells in other regions(More)
Estrogen receptors were visualized in adult ferret brains using the H222 estrogen receptor antibody and immunocytochemical techniques. H222 immunoreactive (H222ir) cell nuclei were present in many forebrain regions in gonadectomized ferrets of both sexes. In many instances, H222ir cells also had immunoreaction product in their processes. All cells with(More)
Neuronal birth-dating studies using [3H] thymidine have indicated that neurons in the preoptic area/anterior hypothalamus (POA/AH) are derived primarily from progenitors in proliferative zones surrounding the third ventricle. Radial glial processes are potential guides for neuronal migration, and their presence and orientation during development may provide(More)
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