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Four ruminally and duodenally cannulated multiparous Finnish Ayrshire cows were fed on diets consisting of grass silage (0.6 kg/kg DM) and one of four concentrates: barley, barley + urea, barley + rapeseed meal and barley + rapeseed cake. The objective of the present study was to compare omasal canal and duodenal digesta flows. Values for digesta flow into(More)
The macro mineral status of cattle in the Selale highlands of Ethiopia was evaluated during the rainy and dry seasons of 1989 and 1990 in terms of mineral concentrations in soils, feeds, blood plasma and faeces on 25 farms. Bone samples from animals of local breeds from a slaughter house were collected during the rainy and dry seasons of 1990. Soils were(More)
Our previous study showed that His was the first-limiting amino acid (AA) for milk protein production in cows fed grass silage and cereal-based supplement. The aim of this study was to identify the second-limiting AA and determine whether glucose was limiting responses to His. Abomasal infusion of His (6.5 g/d), glucose (250 g/d), His (6.5 g/d) + glucose(More)
Five rumen-cannulated Finnish Ayrshire cows were used in two 5 x 5 Latin square experiments designed to study the lactation and metabolic responses to increasing doses of DL-Met or L-Lys infused into the abomasum. The cows were fed grass silage ensiled with a formic acid additive for ad libitum intake. A supplement with barley and oats was given at a rate(More)
The response of dairy cows fed grass silage-based diets to the abomasal infusion of water (control) or 6.5 g of His alone or in combination with either 6.0 g of Met or 19.0 g of Lys or both was studied in an incomplete 4 x 5 Latin square experiment with 14-d periods. Each cow received a basal diet of 8 kg/d of cereal concentrate [12.1% crude protein (CP)](More)
Five Finnish Ayrshire cows were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square experiment designed to study the effects of graded doses of postruminal His infusion on milk production, arterial concentrations, and mammary uptakes of plasma amino acids (AA) as well as utilization of added His. Grass silage (16.9% CP) was given ad libitum with 8 kg of cereal-based concentrate(More)
The trace element status of crossbred Friesian × zebu (Boran) and local zebu cattle in the Selale highlands of Ethiopia was evaluated during the rainy and dry seasons of 1989 and 1990 in terms of the trace element content of soils, feeds, blood plasma and faeces on 25 randomly selected farms. Liver samples from animals of local breeds from a slaughter house(More)
Rapeseed (Brassica napus), barley grain, ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and barley straw were labelled with 15N as an internal marker. The dilution of 15N was used to estimate microbial N (RMN15N) in the feed residues in nylon bags incubated in the rumen for 5, 12 and 24 h. For comparative purposes, diaminopimelic acid (DAP) content of the residues was also(More)
This study was conducted to investigate whether well fed dairy cows given restrictively fermented grass silage diet will respond to incremental glucose and amino acid supply at early stage of lactation. Four rumen-cannulated Finnish Ayrshire cows were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square experiment with 14-d periods. The cows were fed good quality restrictively(More)
1. In the previous work (Varvikko & Lindberg, 1985), 15N-labelled rapeseed (Brassica napus), barley, ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and barley straw were incubated in the rumen in nylon bags for 5, 12 and 24 h and microbial nitrogen in the residues was quantified using the feed 15N-dilution method. In the present study, residual amino acids (AA) of these feeds(More)