T Vanniasinkam

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Rhodococcus equi is a significant pathogen in foals predominantly causing a pyogranulomatous bronchopneumonia. Many vaccine candidates have been tested for the prevention of R. equi disease in foals. However, none of these have been developed for widespread commercial use. Previous studies have shown that a Th1 immune response is imperative for the(More)
Parasites cause some of the most devastating and prevalent diseases in humans and animals. Moreover, parasitic infections increase mortality rates of other serious non-parasitic infections caused by pathogens such as HIV-1. The impact of parasitic diseases in both industrialised and developing countries is further exacerbated by the resistance of some(More)
Rhodococcus equi is a significant intracellular bacterial pathogen in foals. However, at present there is no commercially available vaccine for the prevention of R. equi-induced disease in these animals. Studies have shown that GroEL based vaccines can afford protection against some intracellular pathogens. In this study, the R. equi gene encoding the heat(More)
INTRODUCTION Data on campylobacteriosis in developed countries are well documented; in contrast, few studies on campylobacteriosis have been conducted in developing countries. This study was undertaken to test for Campylobacter in human faecal samples sent to the two major pathology laboratories in Fiji. METHODS A total of 408 diarrhoeal faecal samples(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of DNA vaccines to date has overall been disappointing, especially in large animal models and in humans, which might be partially explained by the chromatinization of the administered foreign DNA. Trichostatin-A (TSA) is a specific inhibitor for histone deacetylase (HDAC) and a gene expression enhancer in in vitro DNA viral(More)
Two known serotypes of equine adenovirus (EAdV), equine adenovirus type 1 (EAdV-1) and equine adenovirus type 2 (EAdV-2) have been isolated from horses. EAdV-1 is predominantly associated with upper respiratory tract infections while EAdV-2 appears to be associated with gastrointestinal infections in horses. In this report the EAdV-1 genome has been(More)
Equine adenovirus 2 (EAdV-2) is one of two serotypes of adenoviruses known to infect equines. Initial studies did not associate EAdV-2 infections with any specific clinical syndromes, although more recent evidence suggests that EAdV-2 may be associated with clinical and subclinical gastrointestinal infections of foals and adults respectively. In contrast,(More)
The aim of this chapter is to provide a strategy for mapping linear antibody epitopes of protein antigens in order to discover candidates for vaccines or diagnostic tests. A set of overlapping peptides was designed and synthesised based upon a known amino acid sequence of the target protein, virulence-associated protein A (VapA) of the bacterium Rhodococcus(More)
The suitability of PCR (based on the amplification of the 16S rRNA gene) for use as a diagnostic test for the detection of Campylobacter spp. in human faecal specimens was assessed. A total of 493 faecal specimens from patients with symptoms of enteritis were tested for the presence of campylobacters using PCR. Results were compared with those obtained from(More)
Rhodococcus equi remains a significant bacterial pathogen, causing severe pyogranulomatous pneumonia in foals aged 1-3 months. There is no effective vaccine currently available for the prevention of R. equi pneumonia. DNA vaccines are known to offer specific advantages over conventional vaccines. The aim of this study was to demonstrate efficacy of our(More)