Learn More
The carotenoids are potent antioxidants with the ability to quench singlet oxygen and other toxic oxygen species. We studied 17 patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and 10 normal children to assess plasma levels of four carotenoids, beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, lutein, and lycopene, by high-performance liquid chromatography. We found significantly lower(More)
Although microbes and their associated toxins initiate sepsis, it is the subsequent host inflammatory response that defines most of what we characterize as clinical sepsis. This article considers the various cellular as well as humoral mediators involved in this response in addition to the complex networking that may result in both augmentation and(More)
Doses of beta-carotene for cancer-prevention trials have been chosen based on epidemiologic data. Mechanisms of the putative antineoplastic effects by beta-carotene are unknown but may involve modulation of the immune system. We measured plasma carotenoid concentrations and selected immunologic indices at baseline and at 2 and 4 wk in 50 healthy humans (5(More)
The effects of fish oil supplements on plasma and platelet membrane lipids, lipoproteins, sex steroid hormones, glucose, insulin, platelet aggregation, and blood pressure in normal subjects (n = 13) and patients with essential hypertension (n = 13) were studied in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-way crossover study. Treatments(More)
The effects of fish oil and naloxone on blood pressure, catecholamines, and endorphins during the cold pressor test were evaluated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-way crossover trial of normotensive and medication-free hypertensive men (n = 13 each). Subjects were given 5 gm omega-3 fatty acids per day or placebo for 30 days with a(More)
Concentrations of carotenoids are low in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and are associated with essential fatty acid deficiency and increased markers of inflammation. We conducted single- and multiple-dose studies of beta-carotene supplementation in patients with CF. Dose-proportional increases in beta-carotene concentrations were found, although(More)
Beta-carotene in doses of up to 300 mg daily raises high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels within 2 to 4 weeks in healthy subjects. The authors, in this study, investigate the short-term effects of high-dose beta-carotene upon serum lipids, lipoproteins, and selected sex steroid hormones in 59 adult patients with Type IIa or IIb hyperlipidemia and 36(More)
During status epilepticus, rapid IV access for the administration of anticonvulsant drugs can be a very difficult and time-consuming procedure. Our study evaluated whether therapeutic serum levels of phenobarbital and phenytoin could be obtained by the intraosseous route. Twenty domestic swine weighing 10 to 20 kg were divided into two groups (ten each). In(More)