T. Trigo de la Vega

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We reviewed the case definitions used by 21 influenza sentinel-based surveillance networks in Western Europe. Two clinical syndromes were used with a wide range of case definitions that nevertheless shared common criteria. Although there is currently no international consensus, efforts are being undertaken to standardise influenza case definitions in Europe.
We present early estimates of influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) in the population targeted for vaccination, during 25 December 2011 to 19 February 2012. The adjusted VE was 55% (95% CI: 3 to 79) against any type of influenza virus and 54% (95% CI: 1 to 79) against influenza A(H3N2) virus. This suggests a moderate protective effect of the vaccine in the(More)
Objective: Spontaneous reporting is the most common method used in pharmacovigilance and the best one to generate signals on new or rare adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Under-reporting is a major drawback of this system. The objective of this study was to quantify the extent of under-reporting in general practice and to assess the factors which influence it.(More)
BACKGROUND Physicians of the Spanish Influenza Sentinel Surveillance System report and systematically swab patients attended to their practices for influenza-like illness (ILI). Within the surveillance system, some Spanish regions also participated in an observational study aiming at estimating influenza vaccine effectiveness (cycEVA study). During the(More)
BACKGROUND Timely influenza surveillance is important to monitor influenza epidemics. OBJECTIVES (i) To calculate the epidemic threshold for influenza-like illness (ILI) and acute respiratory infections (ARI) in 19 countries, as well as the thresholds for different levels of intensity. (ii) To evaluate the performance of these thresholds. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND Health system delay (HSD) is an important issue in tuberculosis (TB) control. This report investigates HSD and associated factors in a cohort of Spanish culture-confirmed TB patients. METHODS Data were collected from clinical records. Using logistic regression with two different cut-off points to define HSD (median and 75th percentile),(More)
OBJECTIVES Although influenza-like illnesses (ILI) and acute respiratory illnesses (ARI) surveillance are well established in Europe, the comparability of intensity among countries and seasons remains an unresolved challenge. The objective is to compare the intensity of ILI and ARI in some European countries. DESIGN AND SETTING Weekly ILI and ARI(More)
Monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (MBL) indicates the presence of less than 5 x 10(9)/L circulating monoclonal B cells in otherwise healthy subjects. Recently, it has been reported that circulating chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)-like B cells can be detected using 4- or 5-multicolor flow cytometry in 5% to 7% of adults with normal lymphocyte counts. We(More)
1. Latrotoxin (LTX, 1-3 nM) caused a gradual increase of the spontaneous catecholamine release rate in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells superfused with normal Krebs-Hepes solution containing 2.5 mM Ca2+. Ca2+ removal abolished this effect. LTX enhanced also the secretory responses to high K+ (35 or 70 mM) and to acetylcholine (ACh, 30 microM). 2. The(More)
SETTING Thirteen Autonomous Regions in Spain. OBJECTIVE To study the incidence of all forms of tuberculosis (TB) and investigate clinical practice in TB. DESIGN Cases of all forms of tuberculosis diagnosed in the study setting from May 1986 to April 1997 were identified though active search of different databases. Clinical and epidemiological(More)