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Here a new, intrinsically pluripotent, CD45-negative population from human cord blood, termed unrestricted somatic stem cells (USSCs) is described. This rare population grows adherently and can be expanded to 10(15) cells without losing pluripotency. In vitro USSCs showed homogeneous differentiation into osteoblasts, chondroblasts, adipocytes, and(More)
In vivo monitoring of stem cells after grafting is essential for a better understanding of their migrational dynamics and differentiation processes and of their regeneration potential. Migration of endogenous or grafted stem cells and neurons has been described in vertebrate brain, both under normal conditions from the subventricular zone along the rostral(More)
The potential antioxidant activity of 17-beta estradiol and other steroid hormones in neuronal cells was investigated by studying oxidative stress-induced cell death caused by the neurotoxins amyloid beta protein, hydrogen peroxide and glutamate in the clonal mouse hippocampal cell line HT22. Preincubation of the cells with 10(-5) M 17-beta estradiol prior(More)
The therapeutical potential of transplantation of undifferentiated and predifferentiated murine embryonic stem cells for the regeneration of the injured brain was investigated in two rodent stroke models. Undifferentiated embryonic stem cells xenotransplanted into the rat brain at the hemisphere opposite to the ischemic injury migrated along the corpus(More)
In patients with Alzheimer's disease, hippocampal cells are among the first neuronal cells of the brain to degenerate. Both rat primary hippocampal neurons and cells of the clonal mouse hippocampal cell line HT22 express endogenous functional glucocorticoid receptors (GRs), as shown by transient transfection of cells with a luciferase reporter plasmid(More)
Applying the recently developed DNA array technique to a murine stroke model, we found that the gene coding for RhoB, a member of the family of GTPases that regulate a variety of signal transduction pathways, is upregulated in ischemia-damaged neurons. RhoB immunoreactivity precedes DNA single-strand breaks and heralds the evolving infarct, making it an(More)
Free radicals and oxidative stress-induced neuronal cell death have been implicated in a variety of neurological disorders. Therefore, neuroprotection is of primary interest in basic and preclinical neuroscience. Here it is shown that RU486 (mifepristone), a potent antagonist of progesterone and glucocorticoid receptors, protects rat primary hippocampal(More)
Stem cell therapy is a potential treatment for spinal cord injury and different stem cell types have been grafted into animal models and humans suffering from spinal trauma. Due to inconsistent results, it is still an important and clinically relevant question which stem cell type will prove to be therapeutically effective. Thus far, stem cells of human(More)
The human mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) binds the agonists aldosterone and cortisol and the antagonist progesterone with a comparably high affinity. We used limited proteolysis of human MR synthesized by in vitro translation to detect structural alterations induced by these different endogenous ligands. Steroid binding induces a conformational change(More)
In the mammalian central nervous system, responsiveness to glucocorticoids is mediated by both the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). These pharmacologically distinct receptors are believed to bind to common response elements as homodimers. We provide evidence that MR and GR can form a heterodimeric complex with(More)