Learn More
The phospholipid metabolism of rat peritoneal mast cells stimulated with mastoparan, a secretagogue purified from wasp venom, was investigated. Mastoparan at 20 micrograms/ml caused a rapid secretion of histamine. Mastoparan induced a transient decrease of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-biphosphate on 32P labeling and generation of a water-soluble degradation(More)
The effect of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) on Ca2+ release in the transformed murine mast cells, mastocytoma P-815 cells permeabilized with digitonin was studied. Ca2+ was sequestered by intracellular organelles in the presence of ATP until the medium free Ca2+ concentration was lowered to a new steady-state level. The subsequent addition of IP3(More)
The effect of cyclic GMP (cGMP) on human platelet activation was investigated, using its metabolically stable analogue, 8-bromo cGMP (8-bcGMP). Thrombin-induced serotonin secretion was inhibited by pretreatment with 8bcGMP in a dose-dependent manner. Production of inositol trisphosphate (IP3), a Ca2+ releaser was inhibited by 8bcGMP pretreatment of(More)
Rat peritoneal mast cells which had been preincubated with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA, 10 - 100 ng/ml) for 5 min did not elicit the full histamine secretion induced by a potent secretagogue, compound 48/80. Furthermore, this PMA-treatment was found to inhibit the agonist-mediated hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) in [32P]labeled(More)
The hydrolysis of [3H]phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) by cytosolic phospholipase C from human platelets was determined. Cytosolic fractions were prepared from platelets that had or had not been preactivated with thrombin. Thrombin pretreatment did not affect cytosolic phospholipase C activity. In both cytosolic fractions, phospholipase C was(More)
Upon stimulation of human polymorphonuclear neutrophils with platelet-activating factor (PAF), arachidonic acid (AA) is released from membrane phospholipids. The mechanism for AA liberation, a key step in the synthesis of biologically active eicosanoids, was investigated. PAF was found to elicit an increase in the cytoplasmic level of free Ca2+ as monitored(More)
Neomycin (10 microM - 1 mM) was found to induce considerable release of [3H]arachidonic acid from phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine in saponin-permeabilized human platelets prelabeled with [3H]arachidonic acid. The magnitude of arachidonate liberation was almost equal to that induced by A23187 (400 nM) or even greater(More)
In the presence of 1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7), a potent inhibitor of protein kinase C in vitro, phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) did not suppress the thrombin-induced increase of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration in human platelets. The H-7 reversal of the inhibitory action of PMA was also observed in thrombin-induced(More)
Ca2+ release triggered by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) has been measured in saponin-permeabilized human platelets with quin2 or 45Ca2+. Ca2+ was sequestered by intracellular organelles in the presence of ATP, and IP3 released half of the sequestered Ca2+. The addition of cyclic AMP (cAMP) to permeabilized platelets transiently accelerated Ca2+(More)
The phosphatidylinositol (PI) and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) hydrolytic activities of phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC) were measured in membrane and cytosol fractions from 7 discrete areas of the rat brain. Both the PI-PLC and PIP2-PLC specific activities were found to differ significantly among the 7 discrete brain areas.(More)