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Fourteen 7-alkoxy-2,2-dimethychromenes were synthetized and studied in JH competition experiments: precocenes (Ps) PI and PII, and synthetic analogs (PAs) including (i) three with both antiallatal and P-like activities: 7-ethoxy-PII (7-EPII); 7-(prop-2-ynyloxy)-2,-2-dimethylchromene (PPI); and 6-methoxy-7-(prop-2-ynyloxy)-2,2-dimethylchromene (PPIII); (ii)(More)
Precocenes (PI and PII) and 114 of their analogs (PAs) were synthetized and tested on C. remanei embryos for their precocene-like (P-like) activities resulting in unusual development at sublethal doses. The P-like activity was quantitated by plotting the probit of the percentage of the developmentally affected survivors against the (log) dose to obtain the(More)
Fourteen precocene-1 (P1) derivatives differing at C-7 were synthetized and tested for their antiallatal activities on Locusta migratoria (in vitro and in vivo) and nematocidal effects on Caenorhaditis elegans. An outstanding antiallatal effect was produced by 7-propargyloxy-P1 in vitro. It caused an elevated rate of mortality when applied in vivo to(More)
Rat liver nuclei were isolated in the presence of a nonionic detergent, and the soluble proteins were extracted from them using low-salt solution. The isolated nuclei were then embedded in a fibrin clot which was cut into 4 to 5 mm3 pieces and placed into an AMICON pressure cell in the presence and absence of the soluble nuclear proteins. When the soluble(More)
Structure-optimization studies of C-5-C-8-substituted precocene (P) analogues revealed that 1) compounds disubstituted asymmetrically at C-6, C-7 had an anti-allatal effect only if the C-6 side-group was shorter than that at C-7, 2) in the case of C-5, C-7 disubstitution, activity was enhanced by Me at C-5 whereas MeO caused inactivity. Effects of various(More)
Diet containing diquat dibromide (1,000 or 2,000 ppm) caused an extension of the first-instar stadium of Neobellieria bullata (Parker); the first molt was primarily disturbed. Pupariation was delayed when early-wandering larvae had been injected with diquat dibromide (18 micrograms/larva; approximately to 150 ppm). This effect of diquat dibromide was(More)
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