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Generation of nanomechanical cantilever motion from biomolecular interactions can have wide applications, ranging from high-throughput biomolecular detection to bioactuation. Although it has been suggested that such motion is caused by changes in surface stress of a cantilever beam, the origin of the surface-stress change has so far not been elucidated. By(More)
Diagnosis and monitoring of complex diseases such as cancer require quantitative detection of multiple proteins. Recent work has shown that when specific biomolecular binding occurs on one surface of a microcantilever beam, intermolecular nanomechanics bend the cantilever, which can be optically detected. Although this label-free technique readily lends(More)
In the last fifteen years, microcantilevers (MCLs) have been emerging as a sensitive tool for the detection of chemicals and bioorganisms. Because of their small size, lightweight, and high surface-to-volume ratio, MCL-based sensors improve our capability to detect and identify biological agents by orders of magnitude. A biosensor is a device for the(More)
Diagnosis and management of diabetes require quantitative and selective detection of blood glucose levels. We report a technique for micromechanical detection of biologically relevant glucose concentrations by immobilization of glucose oxidase (GOx) onto a microcantilever surface. Microfabricated cantilevers have traditionally found utility in atomic force(More)
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to image circular DNA adsorbed on freshly cleaved mica and mica chemically modified with Mg(II), Co(II), La(III), and Zr(IV). Images obtained on unmodified mica show coiling of DNA due to forces involved during the drying process. The coiling or super twisting appeared to be right handed and the extent of super(More)
We have employed an atomic force microscope (AFM) to image in air isolated strands of pBS+ plasmid DNA adsorbed onto freshly cleaved mica. At a DNA concentration below 0.3 micrograms/ml isolated strands of the plasmid DNA are usually seen, while for concentrations higher than 3 micrograms/ml a uniform coverage of interconnected DNA strands was observed. We(More)
Biosensors are sensors in which biomolecular interactions are used as sensing reactions. Biomolecular interactions, when combined with a microcantilever platform, can produce an extremely powerful biosensing design. The resonance frequency of a microcantilever shifts sensitively due to mass loading from molecular interaction as in the case of any acoustic(More)
449 Abstract Cantilever sensors have attracted considerable attention over the last decade because of their potential as a highly sensitive sensor platform for high throughput and multiplexed detection of proteins and nucleic acids. A micromachined cantilever platform integrates nanoscale science and microfabrication technology for the label-free detection(More)
Microcantilevers were first introduced as imaging probes in Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) due to their extremely high sensitivity in measuring surface forces. The versatility of these probes, however, allows the sensing and measurement of a host of mechanical properties of various materials. Sensor parameters such as resonance frequency, quality factor,(More)
A micromechanical technique for measuring solution pH using modi®ed silicon (SiO2) and silicon nitride (Si3N4) microcantilevers is described. As the modi®ed surface of the cantilever accumulates charge proportional to the pH of the surrounding liquid, the cantilever undergoes bending due to the differential surface stress. Results are presented for(More)