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Only five of fourteen species of Fucales reported at the end of the XIXth century are currently present in the Albères Coast (France, NW Mediterranean). According to historical data there has been a steady decrease of all the populations since the 1940s. Seven taxa now extinct (Cystoseira crinita, Cystoseira barbata, Cystoseira foeniculacea f. tenuiramosa,(More)
The tropical green alga Caulerpa taxifolia in the Mediterranean has spread steadily since its introduction in 1984. At the end of 2000, approximately 131 km2 of benthos had been colonized in 103 independent areas along 191 km of coastline in six countries (Spain, France, Monaco, Italy, Croatia and Tunisia). Large regions neighboring the invaded areas appear(More)
Here we present the first observation of the impact of the invasive Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea on native photophilic sponge species in the Adriatic Sea, with special focus on Sarcotragus spinosulus. Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea is able to completely overgrow the sponge, developing an exceptionally thick canopy with a maximum measured density(More)
Species of the genus Sargassum are large canopy-forming marine brown algae (engineer species) found worldwide from tropical to cold-temperate latitudes. Among this very diversified genus (335 taxa accepted taxonomically), only 9 species (including the invasive S. muticum) have been reported from the Mediterranean Sea. We have analysed the changes over more(More)
To study environment characteristics favoring the toxic benthic dinoflagellate Ostreopsis cf. ovata, a survey was conducted in Monaco (NW Mediterranean Sea), in summers 2007 and 2008. Epiphytic and planktonic blooms occurred almost simultaneously and a high variation of abundances at low spatial scales was observed. An early and very marked bloom occurred(More)
Posidonia oceanica is a seagrass endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. Most of the primary production of the P. oceanica meadow is not directly consumed by herbivores and plays a role as dead rhizomes and roots, dead leaves and drift epibionts (hereafter necromass). The fate of this necromass is (i) sequestration within the matte, (ii) consumption by(More)
The invasive green alga, Caulerpa taxifolia, that has spread rapidly after its introduction into the Mediterranean and the North American Pacific, reacts to wounding by transforming its major metabolite caulerpenyne (1). This wound-activated reaction involves the transformation of the bis-enol acetate moiety of 1, releasing reactive 1,4-dialdehydes. The(More)
Harmful benthic microalgae blooms represent an emergent phenomenon in temperate zones, causing health, ecological and economic concern. The main goal of this work was to compile records of Ostreopsis at large temporal and spatial scales, in order to study the relationship between cell abundances, the periodicity and intensity of the blooms and the role of(More)
On the North-Western Mediterranean coastline, the genus Cystoseira (Fucales) has a key role on upper infralittoral community structure. Cystoseira amentacea var. stricta and C. compressa are the most common superficial Cystoseira species. In this area, the coastline is subjected to a strong anthropogenic pressure which has caused severe Cystoseira(More)
Cystoseira amentacea is a Mediterranean endemic alga thriving on very shallow rocky substrates. It has been considered as a threatened species, having experienced a steady decline and is therefore protected by international conventions. The historical distribution of the species has been assessed along the French Mediterranean coast, on the basis of 467(More)