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S100 proteins represent a new class of chemoattractants. Here we extend earlier evidence for the proinflammatory properties of human S100A12. A12 induced migration of monocytoid cells, with optimal activity at 10(-10) M and potency of >10(-9) M C5a. Neutrophils were poorly responsive, and lymphocyte migration was not affected. Actin polymerization in(More)
1. Biochemical and quantitative image analysis methods were used to investigate the anatomical basis for the previously described agonist-induced redistribution of calponin. 2. At 140 nm resolution, the quantitative distribution of calponin in resting cells was statistically indistinguishable from that of filament bundles containing alpha-smooth muscle(More)
Calponin is a thin filament-associated smooth muscle protein that has been suggested to play a role in the regulation of smooth muscle contraction. We have used circular dichroism spectroscopy, electron microscopy, and analytical ultracentrifugation to study the physical properties of recombinant chicken gizzard alpha-calponin. The alpha-helix content of(More)
Calponin is a thin filament-associated protein that has been implicated in playing an auxiliary regulatory role in smooth muscle contraction. We have used immunofluorescence and digital imaging microscopy to determine the cellular distribution of calponin in single cells freshly isolated from the ferret portal vein. In resting cells calponin is distributed(More)
Calponin, a thin filament-associated protein, inhibits actomyosin adenosinetriphosphatase in solution and has been suggested to modulate smooth muscle contractility. We used permeabilized guinea pig taenia coli smooth muscle to investigate whether calponin can modulate actin-myosin interaction in a more organized contractile system. Fibers were(More)
Calponin is a thin filament-associated protein that is implicated in the regulation and maintenance of smooth muscle contraction. Molecular cloning of chicken gizzard calponin indicated the presence of two isoforms, alpha and beta, the expression of the alpha-isoform being uniformly more abundant in various smooth muscle tissues [Takahashi, K. &(More)
Human S100A12 (extracellular newly identified RAGE (receptor for advanced glycosylation end products)-binding protein), a new member of the S100 family of EF-hand calcium-binding proteins, was chemically synthesised using highly optimised 2-(1H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate/tert-butoxycarbonyl in situ neutralisation(More)
The role of troponin-I (the inhibitory subunit of troponin) in the regulation by Ca2+ of skeletal muscle contraction was investigated with resonance energy transfer and photo cross-linking techniques. The effect of Ca2+ on the proximity of troponin-I to actin in reconstituted rabbit skeletal thin filaments was determined. The distance between the cysteine(More)
Ca2+ regulation of vertebrate-striated muscle contraction is initiated by conformational changes in the Ca(2+)-binding protein troponin C (TnC) and subsequent changes in the interaction of TnC with the inhibitory protein TnI. We have constructed mutants of rabbit skeletal muscle TnC in which natural Cys-98 was replaced by Leu, and a single Cys residue was(More)