Learn More
The low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor plays a crucial role in cholesterol metabolism. A related protein, designated the very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) receptor, that specifically binds apolipoprotein (apo) E has recently been characterized and shown to be expressed in heart, muscle and adipose tissue and the human monocyte-macrophage cell line(More)
The chloroplastic NADP-malic enzyme (NADP-ME) is a key enzyme of the C4 photosynthesis pathway in NADP-ME type C4 plants such as maize. To express the chloroplastic NADP-ME in leaves of a C3 plant, rice, full-length cDNAs encoding the rice C3-specific isoform and the maize C4-specific isoform of the enzyme were expressed under the control of the rice CAB:(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic syndrome, which includes obesity, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertension, is a major risk factor for the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Cigarette smoking is a well-known risk factor for metabolic syndrome, but the epidemiological impact of cigarette smoking on development of NAFLD is unclear. METHODS(More)
Cilostazol, a cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor, has been used as an antiplatelet agent. In the present study, we investigated the in vitro effect of cilostazol on DNA synthesis in rat aortic arterial smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in culture stimulated with fetal calf serum (FCS), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), insulin, or insulin-like growth(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Japan has still been increasing. The aim of the present study was to analyze the epidemiological trend of HCC in the western area of Japan, Kyushu. MATERIAL/METHODS A total of 10,010 patients with HCC diagnosed between 1996 and 2008 in the Liver Cancer study group of Kyushu (LCSK), were(More)
BACKGROUND Although the Trendelenburg position and shoulder bracing are recommended for safe subclavian venipuncture, the optimal shoulder position remains unclear. The current study observed spatial relations between the subclavian vein and surrounding structures using multislice computed tomography to determine optimal shoulder position for safe(More)
BACKGROUND Apoptosis inhibitor of macrophage (AIM) and adipocytokines are involved in the metabolic syndrome, which has been putatively associated with the progression of chronic hepatitis C (CHC). However, the association between these cytokines and CHC is not fully elucidated. The aim of this study is to test whether serum levels of AIM and adipocytokines(More)
The function of the hepatic triglyceride lipase (H-TGL) is not yet clear. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possible hormonal regulation of H-TGL. Postheparin plasma was obtained 3 min after the intravenous injection of 50 U/250 g body weight of heparin into male Wistar rats. The lipase activities were measured using substrate(More)
The rabbit very low density lipoprotein receptor gene was introduced into LDL receptor-negative Chinese hamster ovary cells (ldl-A7). Incubation of the transfected cells with rabbit beta-VLDL (5 to 8 micrograms protein/ml), for 6 days, induced foam cell formation. The cells accumulated lipid droplets visualized by oil red-O staining; the cellular(More)
To investigate the relation between renal function and concentrations of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] in serum, we measured Lp(a) in samples of serum and urine from patients with diabetes mellitus and in samples sent to a laboratory center for measurements of creatinine clearance. Serum Lp(a) concentrations were significantly increased in subjects with obvious(More)