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To investigate human exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), a widely used endocrine disruptor, we measured serum BPA concentrations and analyzed the interrelation of BPA with sex-related hormones. BPA was detected in all human sera by a novel enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Serum BPA concentrations were significantly higher in normal men (1.49 +/- 0.11 ng/ml; P(More)
A new bacterial species is described, for which the name Streptomyces turgidiscabies is proposed. This organism causes potato (Solanum tuberosum) scab in eastern Hokkaido, Japan; the lesions caused are distinctly erumpent. In culture, S. turgidiscabies is distinct from other scab-causing Streptomyces species, having flexuous spore chains and grey mass(More)
Several authors have reported a case of chronic pancreatitis associated with Sjögren's syndrome in which an autoimmune mechanism may have been involved in the etiology and in which steroid therapy was effective. We recently encountered a patient with pancreatitis who had hyperglobulinemia, was autoantibody-positive, and responded to steroid therapy. This(More)
The mouse autosomal dominant mutation Mody develops hyperglycemia with notable pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction. This study demonstrates that one of the alleles of the gene for insulin 2 in Mody mice encodes a protein product that substitutes tyrosine for cysteine at the seventh amino acid of the A chain in its mature form. This mutation disrupts a(More)
This study was performed to investigate the serum levels of bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine disruptor, in women with ovarian dysfunction and obesity. Fasting serum samples were obtained from 19 non-obese and 7 obese women with normal menstrual cycles: 7 patients with hyperprolactinemia, 21 patients with hypothalamic amenorrhea, and 13 non-obese and 6 obese(More)
The serine/threonine protein phosphatase (PP) 2A inhibitor, microcystin-LR, selectively induces liver damage and promotes hepatocarcinogenesis. It is thought that microcystin-LR affects hepatocellular viability mainly through inhibition of PP2A, partially through PP1, and, in addition, by generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, the molecular(More)
A mouse mutation, termed jumonji (jmj), was generated by a gene trap strategy. Expression of the trapped gene (jmj gene), as monitored by X-gal staining, was detected predominantly at the midbrain-hindbrain boundary and in the cerebellum, depending on the stage of development. All embryos homozygous for the jmj mutation died before embryonic day 15.5. Some,(More)
The molecular pathogenesis of diabetes remains poorly understood because of the genetic complexity of the disease. One possibly effective approach to elucidate the pathogenesis is to study an animal model with a similar phenotype. The TSOD (Tsumura, Suzuki, Obese Diabetes) mouse, a newly developed animal model, exhibits both diabetes and obesity with marked(More)
Three benzenoid ansamycin antibiotics (herbimycin, macbecin, and geldanamycin) were found to reduce the intracellular phosphorylation of p60src at a permissive temperature (33 degrees C) in a rat kidney cell line infected with a temperature-sensitive mutant of Rous sarcoma virus. This effect was accompanied by morphological changes from the transformed to(More)
Transplanting a germinal vesicle (GV) to another enucleated oocyte provides a possible way to avoid age-related aneuploidy in metaphase II (MII) oocytes from older women. This study was conducted to examine the efficiency of each step of nuclear transplantation as reflected in the survival and maturation capacity of immature mouse oocytes subjected to this(More)