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To solve the mystery of the life phenomenon, we must clarify when genes are expressed and how their products interact with each other. But since the amount of continuously updated knowledge on these interactions is massive and is only available in the form of published articles, an intelligent information extraction (IE) system is needed. To extract these(More)
Bacillus subtilis is the best-characterized member of the Gram-positive bacteria. Its genome of 4,214,810 base pairs comprises 4,100 protein-coding genes. Of these protein-coding genes, 53% are represented once, while a quarter of the genome corresponds to several gene families that have been greatly expanded by gene duplication, the largest family(More)
Drebrin is a development-associated neuroprotein whose cDNA into fibroblasts causes the formation of dendrite-like structures (Shirao, T., Kojima, N., and Obata, K. (1992) Neuroreport 3, 109-112). To explore molecular functions of drebrin during brain development, we purified drebrin from brains of rat embryos. Drebrin bound to actin filaments at a(More)
  • A Kuniba, T Takagi, And A Takenouchi
  • 2008
We formulate the inverse scattering method for a periodic box-ball system and solve the initial value problem. It is done by a synthesis of the combinatorial Bethe ansätze at q = 1 and q = 0, which provides the ultradiscrete analogue of quasi-periodic solutions in soliton equations, e.g., action-angle variables, Jacobi varieties, period matrices and so(More)
Mouse P19 embryonal carcinoma cells can be reproducibly differentiated into neurons and glial cells upon treatment with high concentrations of retinoic acid (RA). To understand the molecular mechanisms that control early neural differentiation, we constructed P19 cell lines carrying an insertion of a gene-trap vector containing lacZ as the reporter gene and(More)
Here we report the cloning and functional characterization of a rat novel peptide/histidine transporter (PHT1), which was expressed in the brain and the retina. The cDNA encodes the predicted protein of 572 amino acid residues with 12 putative membrane-spanning domains. The amino acid sequence has moderate homology with a nonspecific peptide transporter(More)
Solvable vertex models in a ferromagnetic regime give rise to soli-ton cellular automata at q = 0. By means of the crystal base theory, we study a class of such automata associated with the quantum affine algebra Uq(gn) for non exceptional series gn = A (2) 2n−1 , A (2) 2n , B (1) n , C (1) n , D (1) n and D (2) n+1. They possess a commuting family of time(More)
To study the molecular mechanisms underlying neuronal programmed cell death (PCD), we performed differential display screening for genes, the expression of which was induced during PCD in the sympathetic neuron culture model deprived of NGF. We cloned a gene encoding a novel polypeptide (DP5) which consisted of 92 amino acids. DP5 polypeptide had no(More)
To elucidate the behavior of the single ionic channels of cerebral cortical neurons during bursting activity, the effects of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) on a single potassium channel of primary cultured cerebral cortical neurons from mice were examined. All of the examined 10-day-old primary cultured neurons of the cerebral cortex showed clear bursting(More)
Threshold electrotonus (TE) is a new tool for investigating axonal function noninvasively in vivo. To increase its potential clinical value, we developed a rat model of TE, and examined the effects of maturation and pharmacological intervention. We recorded TE in 92 male rats (body weight 90-650 g) by stimulating the motor nerve in the tail, and applying(More)