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The segment polarity genes hedgehog and engrailed are expressed in identical posterior-compartment-specific patterns in both Drosophila embryos and imaginal discs. We show here that the hedgehog protein is secreted, and it can cross embryo parasegment borders and the anterior-posterior compartment border of imaginal discs to neighboring cells that express(More)
The family of TGF-beta signalling molecules play inductive roles in various developmental contexts. One member of this family, Drosophila Decapentaplegic (Dpp) serves as a morphogen that patterns both the embryo and adult. We have now isolated a gene, Daughters against dpp (Dad), whose transcription is induced by Dpp. Dad shares weak homology with(More)
Anterior/posterior compartment borders bisect every Drosophila imaginal disc, and the engrailed gene is essential for their function. We analyzed the role of the engrailed and invected genes in wing discs by eliminating or increasing their activity. Removing engrailed/invected from posterior wing cells created two new compartments: an anterior compartment(More)
Hedgehog (HH) and Decapentaplegic (DPP) direct anteroposterior patterning in the developing Drosophila wing by functioning as short- and long-range morphogens, respectively. Here, we show that the activity of DPP is graded and is directly regulated by a novel HH-dependent mechanism. DPP activity was monitored by visualizing the activated form of Mothers(More)
Growth and patterning of the Drosophila wing is controlled in part by the long-range organizing activities of the Decapentaplegic protein (Dpp). Dpp is synthesized by cells that line the anterior side of the anterior/posterior compartment border of the wing imaginal disc. From this source, Dpp is thought to generate a concentration gradient that patterns(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) participate in the development of nearly all organs and tissues. BMP signaling is mediated by specific Smad proteins, Smad1 and/or Smad5, which undergo serine phosphorylation in response to BMP-receptor activation and are then translocated to the nucleus where they modulate transcription of target genes. We have identified(More)
The structure and function of transcription factors of higher plants was studied by isolating cDNA clones encoding a wheat sequence-specific DNA binding protein. A hexameric nucleotide motif, ACGTCA, is located upstream from the TATA box of several plant histone genes. It has been suggested that this motif is essential for efficient transcription of the(More)
Cardiovascular mortality is elevated in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), especially in those with diabetes mellitus. Although the higher cardiovascular death rate in diabetic ESRD patients may be the result of more advanced atherosclerotic changes of the arterial wall, this has not been documented previously. Aortic stiffness was compared(More)
Wheat transcription factors HBP-1a and HBP-1b bind to the hexamer motif, ACGTCA, of wheat histone gene promoters. HBP-1b also binds to the hexamer motif in the promoter of the 35S RNA gene of cauliflower mosaic virus, whereas HBP-1a does not. A cDNA clone encoding HBP-1b was isolated on the basis of its binding specificity to the hexamer motif. The deduced(More)
Chronic hypoxia causes pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular hypertrophy associated with pulmonary vascular remodeling. Because hypoxia might promote generation of oxidative stress in vivo, we hypothesized that oxidative stress may play a role in the hypoxia-induced cardiopulmonary changes and examined the effect of treatment with the antioxidant(More)