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Following injections of [3H]leucine into the formatio reticularis gigantocellularis (Rgc), reticularis pontis caudalis (Rpc), reticularis pontis oralis (Rpo), reticularis mesencephali (Rmes), or the locus coeruleus (LC) of the rat, autoradiographic study revealed prominent reticuloreticular projections from all areas and secondary projections onto cranial(More)
Bluetongue virus (BTV) VP2 is an important antigenic protein that can be used for the differential diagnosis of different BTV serotypes. Here, we generated a serotype-specific monoclonal antibody (mab) against BTV1. A series of peptides synthesized based on the amino acid sequence of BTV1 VP2 were screened to define 115AQPLKVGL122 as the minimal linear(More)
VP5, the outer capsid protein of bluetongue virus (BTV), plays an important role in viral penetration and antibody-mediated viral neutralization. Therefore, VP5 represents an important target for development of vaccines and diagnostic tests. In this study, we use bioinformatic tools to predict nine antigenic B cell epitopes in the VP5 protein of a BTV(More)
Paclitaxel (Taxol), a diterpenoid isolated from Taxus brevifolia, is effective against several murine tumors, and is one of the most exciting anticancer molecules currently available. Due to its low solubility in water, it is clinically administered with polyethoxylated castor oil (Cremophor EL), which causes serious side effects. Inclusion of paclitaxel in(More)
Positive matrix factorization (PMF) was applied to the merged high resolution mass spectra of organic and inorganic aerosols from aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) measurements to investigate the sources and evolution processes of submicron aerosols in New York City in summer 2009. This new approach is able to study the distribution of organic and inorganic(More)
  • Y Yu, Y He, +6 authors G-Z Liu
  • 2014
BACKGROUND CD137 ligand (CD137L) is expressed by various immune cells and exists in membrane-bound and soluble forms. Recently, CD137L was found to be localized to macrophages in human atherosclerotic lesions and CD137L levels were much higher in atherosclerotic lesions than in normal arteries. However, the role of CD137L with different forms in(More)
We report intrinsic current-voltage properties of ZnO nanowire measured by a four-tip scanning tunneling microscopy ͑F-STM͒. It is found that after bending the nanowire with the F-STM the conductance is reduced by about five orders of magnitude. The cathodoluminescent spectra indicate that the ZnO nanowires contain a sizable amount of defects in the surface(More)
We compared stomatal ammonia compensation point (χs) and its metabolic regulation in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) leaves of a quick-leaf-senescence phenotype ZY90 and a slow-leaf-senescence phenotype NC89. Compared with NC89, ZY90 had significantly higher χs values between 40 and 60 d after leaf sprouting in spite of its lower nitrogen content. During the(More)
VE161 wheat which has the function of promotting homoeologous pairing is a male sterile substitution line or a fertile addition line with one pair of alien chromosomes from Agropyron elongatum. The alien chromosome in VE161 wheat was detected by means of techniques of total genomic DNA in situ hybridization, RFLP and double-ditelo chromosomal analysis. The(More)