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Super-Kamiokande is the world’s largest water Cherenkov detector, with net mass 50,000 tons. During the period April, 1996 to July, 2001, Super-Kamiokande I collected 1678 live-days of data, observing neutrinos from the Sun, Present address: University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA. Present address: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena,(More)
The fluorescence protein phosphatase (PP-2A) inhibition assay detects okadaic acid (OA) and DTX-1 in mussels down to 1 microg/100 g of mussel tissue. It is more sensitive than the mouse bioassay (detection limit, 20 microg/100 g) or ELISA using the SCETI DSP check kit (detection limit, 10 microg/100 g). A drawback of the PP-2A assay method has been its lack(More)
Regarding cloned animals, interesting questions have been raised as to whether cloning restores cellular senescence undergone by their donor cells and how long cloned animals will be able to live. Focusing our attention on differences in telomere lengths depending on the tissue, we had produced 14 cloned cattle by using nuclei of donor cells derived from(More)
We established clonal cultures of Dinophysis acuminata Clap. et Lachm. and D. fortii Pavill. isolated from western Japan and examined toxin production in them, focusing on intracellular production and extracellular excretion. At the end of incubations, the total amounts of pectenotoxin-2 (PTX-2), dinophysistoxin-1 (DTX-1), and okadaic acid (OA) in the D.(More)
Cloning of genes encoding polyketide synthases (PKSs) has allowed us to identify a gene cluster for ML-236B biosynthesis in Penicillium citrinum. Like lovastatin, which is produced by Aspergillus terreus, ML-236B (compactin) inhibits the enzyme 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase. Genomic sequencing and Northern analysis showed that(More)
BACKGROUND We have already reported that, for patients undergoing elective colon cancer operations, perioperative infection can be prevented by a single intravenous dose of an antibiotic given immediately beforehand if mechanical bowel preparation and the administration of oral antibiotics are implemented. Synbiotics has been reported to reduce the rate of(More)
The Mg-dechelating activity of extracts of Chenopodium album (goosefoot) was investigated using an artificial substrate, chlorophyllin a. The activity was measured spectrophotometrically by the formation of a reaction product, pheophorbin a (Mg-free chlorin), after release of the central Mg. The Mg-releasing protein was highly purified by successive DEAE,(More)
Toxin profiles were determined in phytoplankton cell concentrates and Greenshell mussels (Perna canaliculus) exposed to a dinoflagellate bloom dominated by Dinophysis acuta and Protoceratium reticulatum. This was achieved by using a method for the simultaneous identification and quantification of a variety of micro-algal toxins by liquid(More)
The efficiency of glucosylation of hydroquinone by Datura innoxia cell suspension cultures was investigated. The yield of arbutin was 2.4 g/l medium when 10 mM of hydroquinone was added to a suspension culture that was then incubated for 24 h, but the yield decreased at a higher concentration. This decrease, which could not be overcome by changing the(More)
Since the report on the alarm pheromone of the mold mite Tyrophagus putrescentiae [2], a great deal of research in the field of semiochemicals has been done on astigmatid mites in order to elucidate chemical structures and to investigate their feasibility in protecting consumer goods. From the mites of the suborder Astigmata (Acaridida sensu Krantz [3]),(More)