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Using haemoculture as the gold standard, a double antibody sandwich ELISA for the detection of Salmonella typhi Barber protein antigen (BP) was compared with the Widal test. Specimens used were serum and urine obtained from normal healthy individuals and from patients with typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever, pyrexia caused by other bacteria and pyrexia with(More)
A 2-year study of systemic and intestinal immunity to Salmonella typhi was performed in 14 patients who were suffering from typhoid fever in an attempt to extrapolate the mechanism of immune responses in this disease. The methods employed were the leukocyte migration inhibition agarose test for the measurement of systemic cell-mediated immunity. The(More)
We previously reported monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific to S. typhi 52 kDa antigen which do not cross react with related protein antigens from 11 bacteria causing enteric fever and enteric fever-like illness. Using the combination of these specific MAbs and recombinant DNA technology, expression plasmids containing the antigen gene producing(More)
The comparative studies of systemic and intestinal immunities to S. typhi were performed in 29 healthy volunteers during 2 years after receiving oral vaccination with attenuated S. typhi Ty21a in gelatin capsule, parenteral vaccination with acetone inactivated or heat inactivated-phenol preserved S. typhi Ty2. The methods used were immunobead ELISA for(More)
A double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was designed for the detection of Salmonella typhi protein antigen. The optimal concentration of antibody for coating the plate was found to be 50 micrograms/ml. The optimum conditions for antibody coating and antigen and conjugate incubation were 37 degrees C for 3 h, 37 degrees C for 2(More)
We previously established the specific 52 kDa antigen of Salmonella typhi, detected by our monoclonal antibodies, which was a flagellin protein. Comparison of the nucleotide sequences of phase-1 flagellin of Salmonella species available through GenBank database showed high homology at both ends of the genes with lower degree of homology in the middle(More)
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