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A new gene, termed klotho, has been identified that is involved in the suppression of several ageing phenotypes. A defect in klotho gene expression in the mouse results in a syndrome that resembles human ageing, including a short lifespan, infertility, arteriosclerosis, skin atrophy, osteoporosis and emphysema. The gene encodes a membrane protein that(More)
Follow-up studies on 3,195 patients from 161 centers in Japan undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) were performed for 1-104 months to clarify the incidence as well as the clinical features of acute hydrothorax. In these studies, 50 patients (1.6%) developed this complication. Twenty-seven (54%) were men, and 23 (46%) were women,(More)
Our previous study reported that metabolic stress in skeletal muscle achieved by combining moderate blood flow restriction (BFR) with low-intensity resistance exercise at 20% of one repetition maximum (1 RM) could not reach the level achieved by high-intensity resistance exercise. Since the previous protocol is typical of current regimens of this type, we(More)
Although recent studies have reported that low-intensity resistance training with blood flow restriction could stress the muscle effectively and provide rapid muscle hypertrophy and strength gain equivalent to those of high-intensity resistance training, the exact mechanism and its generality have not yet been clarified. We investigated the intramuscular(More)
We have recently identified a novel gene, klotho (kl), which may suppress several aging phenotypes. A defect of kl gene expression in the mouse results in a syndrome resembling human aging, such as arteriosclerosis, skin atrophy, osteoporosis, and pulmonary emphysema. To determine whether mouse homozygotes for the kl mutation (kl/kl) show abnormal glucose(More)
Changes in peroxisomal CoA pools in the liver of fasted, diabetic, high-fat diet-fed and clofibrate-treated rats were studied. Total-CoA increased slightly in the fasted group and markedly in the diabetic, high-fat and clofibrate-treated groups. Fractionation studies showed that changes in free CoA levels were much greater in peroxisomes than in(More)
Muscular blood flow reduction (BFR) during multiple sets of low-intensity exercise training has been shown to elicit muscle hypertrophy and strength gain. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the hypertrophic adaptations to low-intensity BFR exercise, which include muscle fatigue with metabolic stress. However, the change in intramuscular(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) improves maximal exercise performance. However, the potential mechanism(s) underlying the beneficial effects of IPC remain unknown. The dynamics of pulmonary oxygen uptake (VO2) and muscle deoxygenation during exercise is frequently used for assessing O2 supply and extraction. Thus, this study examined the effects of IPC on(More)
Long-chain acyl-CoA hydrolase (EC 3.1.2.2), which is found primarily in the brain in rats, catalyzes the hydrolysis of fatty acyl-CoA thioesters. We purified this enzyme, referred to as ACH, from the rat brain cytosol. The molecular masses of the native enzyme and the subunit were estimated to be 104 and 36 kDa, respectively. The enzyme showed high activity(More)
Incubation of [3H]dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) with rat liver cytosol demonstrated its specific binding with a dissociation constant of 72 +/- 14 nM and a maximal binding capacity of 312 +/- 105 fmol/mg cytosol protein. The binding correlated with the amount of cytosol protein, and depended on time, temperature and pH, with equilibrium being(More)