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The insect growth regulator (IGR) imidazole KK-42 induces hemolymph juvenile hormone esterase activity and precocious metamorphosis in Bombyx mori. As an initial step to understand the molecular action of KK-42, we isolated a full-length of juvenile hormone esterase cDNA from B. mori (BmJHE). The deduced amino acid sequence of BmJHE showed high identity to(More)
1. Juvenile hormone esterase (JHE) is a serine hydrolase selective for hydrolysis of the conjugated methyl esters of insect juvenile hormones. 2. We have investigated the mechanism of catalytic action of this enzyme by site-directed mutagenesis of the cloned enzyme and expression of the mutants in a baculovirus system. 3. A series of individual mutations of(More)
Many proteins, including antibacterial peptides in the hemolymph, are induced by bacterial infections. We found two bacterially inducible carboxylesterases (CEs) in the hemolymph of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. CEs Est-1 and 2 were induced by lipopolysaccharide injection after 6 hours as well as E. coli infection. We found that bacterially inducible CEs(More)
Trifluoromethyl ketones are potent inhibitors of a variety of serine hydrolases. Based on this chemistry improved affinity chromatography procedures were developed for juvenile hormone esterase from insects. New affinity gels were prepared by binding rationally designed ligands to epoxy-activated Sepharose. One ligand is(More)
Juvenile hormone epoxide hydrolases (JHEHs) degrade juvenile hormones (JHs) and are important for JH titre regulation. Here, we report the cloning and analysis of five jheh-related (jheh-r1-r5) genes in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, a model species for the coleopteran insects. T. castaneum JHEH-r (TcJHEH-r) proteins show high homology to(More)
Insect growth and development are intricately regulated by the titers of juvenile hormones (JHs) and ecdysteroids (and/or their metabolites) in the insect hemolymph. Hydrolysis of the methyl ester of JH by a JH-specific esterase (JHE) is a key pathway for the degradation of JH. Here, we generate transgenic silkworm strains that overexpress JHE by using the(More)
We have previously cloned and characterized BmJHE, a juvenile hormone (JH)-selective esterase (JHE) that is important for JH titer regulation in the silkworm Bombyx mori. Here, we sought to determine whether multiple genes might function as JH-specific esterase in this species. We searched for putative carboxyl/cholinesterase (CCE) genes having GQSAG, a(More)
Carboxyl/cholinesterases (CCEs) have pivotal roles in dietary detoxification, pheromone or hormone degradation and neurodevelopment. The recent completion of genome projects in various insect species has led to the identification of multiple CCEs with unknown functions. Here, we analyzed the phylogeny, expression and genomic distribution of 69 putative CCEs(More)
Adoxophyes honmai larvae inoculated with 10x the 95% lethal concentration of an entomopoxvirus (AdhoEPV) did not pupate, underwent a prolonged larval stage, and died during their final instar, unlike non-infected larvae which pupated after five larval instars. In previous work we showed that a granulovirus (AdhoGV) also retarded host development and(More)