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1. Juvenile hormone esterase (JHE) is a serine hydrolase selective for hydrolysis of the conjugated methyl esters of insect juvenile hormones. 2. We have investigated the mechanism of catalytic action of this enzyme by site-directed mutagenesis of the cloned enzyme and expression of the mutants in a baculovirus system. 3. A series of individual mutations of(More)
Juvenile hormone epoxide hydrolases (JHEHs) degrade juvenile hormones (JHs) and are important for JH titre regulation. Here, we report the cloning and analysis of five jheh-related (jheh-r1-r5) genes in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, a model species for the coleopteran insects. T. castaneum JHEH-r (TcJHEH-r) proteins show high homology to(More)
Insect growth and development are intricately regulated by the titers of juvenile hormones (JHs) and ecdysteroids (and/or their metabolites) in the insect hemolymph. Hydrolysis of the methyl ester of JH by a JH-specific esterase (JHE) is a key pathway for the degradation of JH. Here, we generate transgenic silkworm strains that overexpress JHE by using the(More)
The insect growth regulator (IGR) imidazole KK-42 induces hemolymph juvenile hormone esterase activity and precocious metamorphosis in Bombyx mori. As an initial step to understand the molecular action of KK-42, we isolated a full-length of juvenile hormone esterase cDNA from B. mori (BmJHE). The deduced amino acid sequence of BmJHE showed high identity to(More)
PURPOSE Carboxylesterases are important in the detoxification of drugs, pesticides and other xenobiotics. This study was to evaluate a series of substrates and inhibitors for characterizing these enzymes. METHODS A series of novel aliphatic esters and thioesters were used in spectral assays to monitor human, murine and porcine esterases. A series of(More)
BACKGROUND Carboxyl/cholinesterases (CCEs) have pivotal roles in dietary detoxification, pheromone or hormone degradation and neurodevelopment. The recent completion of genome projects in various insect species has led to the identification of multiple CCEs with unknown functions. Here, we analyzed the phylogeny, expression and genomic distribution of 69(More)
Twenty-nine thioester compounds were synthesized to test their effectiveness as surrogate substrates for the insect enzyme, juvenile hormone esterase (JHE). Substrates were designed that resembled the endogenous substrate juvenile hormone (JH), with one common factor being a thioester instead of carboxyl ester found in JH. The principle of the(More)
We have identified a novel member of the nuclear receptor superfamily from the silkworm Bombyx mori, and named it as BmHR78, the B. mori hormone receptor. The DNA binding domain of BmHR78 shows high similarities to those of Tenebrio molitor hormone receptor 78, Drosophila hormone receptor 78, and mammalian testicular receptor 2, whereas the ligand binding(More)
Ras proteins play important roles in development especially for cell proliferation and differentiation in various organisms. However, their functions in the most insect species are still not clear. We identified three ras cDNAs from the silk worm, Bombyx mori. These sequences corresponded to three Ras of Drosophila melanogaster, but not to three mammalian(More)