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The impact of smoking on medical care expenditure is analyzed, challenging the widespread belief that smoking imposes a large cost burden on health services systems. The results imply that lifetime expenditure is higher for nonsmokers than for smokers because smokers' higher annual utilization rates are overcompensated for by nonsmokers' higher life(More)
Smoking has become a major issue for public health policy in recent years. This paper deals with the economic aspects of smoking. First, we outline the basic concepts of welfare economics which subsequently are used as the normative framework of the analysis. In particular, we stress the role of efficiency as a criterion for economic policy evaluation.(More)
BACKGROUND Regarding the perfusion of a deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap, the classic Hartrampf zones II and III were demonstrated by Holm et al. to be reversed using fluorescent perfusion techniques, implying that blood flow from the pedicle travels to the ipsilateral side before crossing the midline. The authors' hypothesis is that the(More)
As a seeming law of nature the possibility of making use of various multiplanar sectional imaging techniques is accompanied by diagnostic exaggeration. Simple and cost effective procedures with low radiation dosage such as plain x-rays of the spine are being thrust into the background. Not seldom are patients referred to the spine surgeon with MRI or Cat(More)
Preoperative and postoperative computer tomographs in 24 patients suffering from idiopathic scolioses who were treated by CD (Cotrel-Dubousset) surgery, showed a mean correction of the rotatory angle in the apex vertebra amounting to 28.5% in relation to the anterior midline of the body, and 23.8% in relation to the sagittal plane. Best results were seen in(More)
Tumours originating from the ceruminous glands can be classified into five types: adenomas, adenocarcinomas, adenoid-cystic carcinomas, pleomorphic adenomas and mucoepidermoid carcinomas. The diagnosis is based on histological findings and can be quite difficult if the tumour status has to be determined. Classification into one of the five types of tumours(More)
The quantitative impact of smoking on mortality and longevity in Switzerland is investigated. The calculations are based on mortality ratios between smokers and nonsmokers reported in prospective epidemiologic studies, the prevalence of smoking in Switzerland, cause-specific mortality rates and the lifetable. The results imply that in 1976 roughly 3800(More)