T. Sato

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Because daily food intake is the product of the size of a meal and the frequency of meals ingested, the characteristic of meal size to meal number during a 24-h light-dark cycle constitutes an identifiable pattern specific to normal states and obesity and that occurs during early cancer anorexia. An understanding of simultaneous changes in meal size and(More)
As revealed by previous microdialysis studies, basal and food intake-accompanied dopamine release significantly differs in the hypothalamus of obese vs. lean Zucker rats. In the present study, we determined whether dopaminergic receptors are also compromised in obesity. Dopaminergic D(1) and D(2) receptor mRNA expression was studied in the ventromedial(More)
Paraventricular (PVN) concentrations of neuropeptide Y (NPY), serotonin (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) in anorectic tumor-bearing (TB) rats were measured before and after tumor resection. At onset of anorexia in TB versus non-tumor bearing (NTB) Controls 5-HT increased from 12.19+/-0.49 pg/microg to 14.89+/-0.81 pg/microg ( P<0.05 ) while DA and NPY decreased(More)
Previous studies suggest that the dopaminergic system in the supraoptic nucleus (SON) is involved not only in the water balance control but also in the food intake regulation. Since we reported that an injection of the D2 receptor antagonist, sulpiride, into specific hypothalamic nuclei (e.g. the LHA, or the VMN) increases food intake in anorectic(More)
The effects of methamphetamine (MAT) and apomorphine (APO), dopamine agonists, were studied in 16 cats to evaluate their effects on threshold for defensive attack behavior elicited by electrical stimulation of the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMH). Directed attack and hissing were selected from elementary responses as constituting a defensive attack.(More)
In cancer anorexia, a decrease in food intake (FI) occurs concomitant with changes in orexigenic peptides such as neuropeptide Y (NPY) and anorexigenic peptides such as alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) and anorexigenic neurotransmitter serotonin. omega-3 Fatty acid (omega-3FA) inhibits cytokine synthesis, and delays tumor appearance, tumor(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer anorexia is influenced by the neuropeptidergic and monoaminergic systems. We hypothesize that serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) concentrations in paraventricular (PVN), ventromedial (VMN), and lateral hypothalamus (LHA) areas are abnormal in tumor-bearing rats. METHODS Fifty-five Fischer rats (240-280 g) were(More)