T Sakari Jokiranta

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Multiple ovulations are uncommon in humans, cattle and many breeds of sheep. Pituitary gonadotrophins and as yet unidentified ovarian factors precisely regulate follicular development so that, normally, only one follicle is selected to ovulate. The Inverdale (FecXI) sheep, however, carries a naturally occurring X-linked mutation that causes increased(More)
The alternative pathway of complement is important in innate immunity, attacking not only microbes but all unprotected biological surfaces through powerful amplification. It is unresolved how host and nonhost surfaces are distinguished at the molecular level, but key components are domains 19-20 of the complement regulator factor H (FH), which interact with(More)
Factor H (fH) restricts activation of the alternative pathway of complement at the level of C3, both in the fluid phase and on self-structures, but allows the activation to proceed on foreign structures. To study the interactions between fH and C3b we used surface plasmon resonance analysis (Biacore(R)) and eight recombinantly expressed fH constructs(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic human pathogen that can cause a wide range of clinical symptoms and infections that are frequent in immunocompromised patients. In this study, we show that P. aeruginosa evades human complement attack by binding the human plasma regulators Factor H and Factor H-related protein-1 (FHR-1) to its surface. Factor H(More)
The factor H gene family provides a prime example of a multidomain multifunctional protein family whose individual members are defined by conserved common structural elements and display diverse but often overlapping functions. The six identified members of this protein family represent secreted plasma proteins that are primarily synthesized in the liver.(More)
The long pentraxin PTX3 is a multifunctional soluble molecule involved in inflammation and innate immunity. As an acute phase protein, PTX3 binds to the classical pathway complement protein C1q, limits tissue damage in inflammatory conditions by regulating apoptotic cell clearance, and plays a role in the phagocytosis of selected pathogens. This study was(More)
A 12-month-old boy and his 16-year-old aunt became acutely ill 6 months apart and were diagnosed to have atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS). Genetic analysis revealed heterozygous R1215Q mutation in complement factor H (CFH) in both patients. The same mutation was found in five healthy adult relatives indicating incomplete penetrance of the disease.(More)
Human malaria has been known to be caused by 4 Plasmodium species, with Plasmodium falciparum causing the most-severe disease. Recently, numerous reports have described human malaria caused by a fifth Plasmodium species, Plasmodium knowlesi, which usually infects macaque monkeys. Hundreds of human cases have been reported from Malaysia, several cases have(More)
In 2007, a Finnish traveler was infected in Peninsular Malaysia with Plasmodium knowlesi, a parasite that usually causes malaria in monkeys. P. knowlesi has established itself as the fifth Plasmodium species that can cause human malaria. The disease is potentially life-threatening in humans; clinicians and laboratory personnel should become more aware of(More)
Relapsing fever is a rapidly progressive and severe septic disease caused by certain Borrelia spirochetes. The disease is divided into two forms, i.e., epidemic relapsing fever, caused by Borrelia recurrentis and transmitted by lice, and the endemic form, caused by several Borrelia species, such as B. duttonii, and transmitted by soft-bodied ticks. The(More)