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Repeated hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) exposure prior to ischemia has been reported to provide neuroprotection against ischemic brain injury. The present study examined the time course of neuroprotection of HBO (3.5 atmosphere absolute, 100% oxygen, 1 h for 5 consecutive days) and the changes of gene/protein expression in rats. First, at 6 h, 12 h, 24 h, and 72 h(More)
UNLABELLED In the present study, we sought to elucidate the temporal profile of the reaction of microglia, astrocytes, and macrophages in the progression of delayed onset motor dysfunction after spinal cord ischemia (15 min) in rabbits. At 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, and 48 h after reperfusion (9 animals in each), hind limb motor function was assessed, and the lumbar(More)
We previously reported in rats that preconditioning with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO; 100% O(2) 3.5-atomsphere absolute (ATA), 1 h/day for 5 days) provided neuroprotection against transient (8 min) forebrain ischemia possibly through protein synthesis relevant to neurotrophin receptor and inflammatory-immune system. A recent report suggested that HBO-induced(More)
Two types of ischemic tolerance in the brain, rapid and delayed, have been reported in terms of the interval between the conditioning and test insults. Although many reports showed that delayed-phase neuroprotection evoked by preconditioning is evident after 1 week or longer, there have been a few investigations about rapidly induced tolerance, and the(More)
UNLABELLED The mechanisms for delayed onset paraplegia after transient spinal cord ischemia are not fully understood. We investigated whether apoptotic motor neuron death is involved in its development. Spinal cord ischemia was induced for 15 min by occlusion of the abdominal aorta in rabbits. At 8, 24, or 48 h after reperfusion, hind limb motor function(More)
Intrathecal strychnine (glycine antagonist) or bicuculline (GABA(A) antagonist) yields a touch-evoked agitation that is blocked by N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonism. We examined the effects of intrathecal strychnine and bicuculline on touch-evoked agitation and the spinal release of amino acids. Fifty-two Sprague-Dawley rats were prepared under(More)
Inflammatory responses have been known to contribute to the development of neuronal damage after brain ischemia in experimental animals. Also, neutrophil elastase activity in the plasma has been elevated in the patients with acute cerebral infarction. In order to clarify whether neutrophil elastase distributes into the brain parenchyma and exacerbates(More)
UNLABELLED Little is known about the role of nitric oxide in the pathophysiology of spinal cord ischemia. We evaluated the effects of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition by N(G)-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME) in rabbits whose abdominal aorta was occluded for 20 min (Experiment 1) or 25 min (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, the L-NAME group (n = 6)(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of enflurane on local cerebral glucose utilization (LCGU), and to provide further insight into the mechanism of the epileptogenic properties of enflurane. Twenty-four male Wistar rats were divided into four groups; three groups with intact cortex received 0.5, 2, or 4% enflurane, and one group with(More)
UNLABELLED We have reported that increased glutamate concentrations in microdialysate of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may be clue phenomena to elucidate mechanisms of neurotoxicity of intrathecal tetracaine. However, little is known about whether this is true for other local anesthetics. In this study, we compared the effects of local anesthetics on(More)