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This study examined whether or not the properties of cutaneous nociceptive fibers are altered in the neuropathic state by comparing lumbars 5 and 6 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) rats with sham-operated controls. The rats with the unilateral SNL developed mechanical allodynia in the ipsilateral hind limb, whereas the sham group did not. Two to 5 weeks after(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) often leads to central pain syndrome including hyperalgesia to mechanical stimulation. Since there is evidence that nerve growth factor (NGF) contributes to pain-related behaviors, we wished to determine if anti-NGF might inhibit abnormal somatosensory behaviors that develop following SCI in rats. SCI was performed in male(More)
Homogeneous culture of neural precursor cells (NPCs) derived from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) would provide a powerful tool for biomedical applications. However, previous efforts to expand mechanically dissected neural rosettes for cultivation of NPCs remain concerns regarding non-neural cell contamination. In addition, several attempts to purify(More)
To induce differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into specialized cell types for therapeutic purposes, it may be desirable to combine genetic manipulation and appropriate differentiation signals. We studied the induction of dopaminergic (DA) neurons from mouse ESCs by overexpressing the transcription factor Nurr1 and coculturing with PA6 stromal(More)
In this study, we investigated the role of the spinal GABAergic system in central neuropathic painlike outcomes following spinal cord injury (SCI) produced by a spinal hemitransection at T13 of the rat. After SCI, mechanical allodynia develops bilaterally in both hind paws of the rat, lasting longer than 40 days, as evidenced by an increase in paw(More)
The effects of transcutaneous electrical stimulation and systemic injection of phentolamine, a non-specific alpha-adrenergic antagonist, on the behavioral signs of mechanical allodynia and cold hyperalgesia in rats with nerve injury were investigated. Mechanical allodynia and cold hyperalgesia were evaluated by measuring the paw withdrawal frequency (PWF)(More)
We investigated the adrenergic sensitivity of afferent fibers in the L4 dorsal roots of rats with a unilateral ligation of the L5-L6 spinal nerves. About 12% of nociceptive fibers on the affected side were excited by sympathetic stimulation or by intra-arterial injection of norepinephrine which did not affect A beta-fiber activity. Sympathetic excitation of(More)
We hypothesized that neuropeptides released from the peripheral terminals of primary afferents play an important role in mechanical hyperalgesia after peripheral nerve injury. Nerve injury was performed on rats with lumbar 5 spinal nerve lesion (L5 SNL), which was preceded by L5 dorsal rhizotomy (L5 DR) to avoid the potential central effects induced by L5(More)
This study was performed to determine which of uninjured lumbar 4 (L4) C-afferents and injured L5 afferents was important for the generation of mechanical hypersensitivity following L5 spinal nerve ligation-and-cut (SNLC, modified spinal nerve ligation) in the rat. The mechanical hypersensitivity established following L5 SNLC was completely abolished 6(More)