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The embryotoxic and teratogenic potential of inhaled monochlorobenzene (MCB) was evaluated in rats and rabbits. Bred Fischer 344 rats and inseminated New Zealand White rabbits were exposed to 0, 75, 210, or 590 ppm of MCB via inhalation for 6 hr/day during the period of major organogenesis. Exposure to 590 ppm caused elevated liver weights in both species(More)
Male and female Fischer 344 rats were exposed to 0, 30, 100, or 216 ppm diethylene glycol monomethyl ether (DEGME) vapors (0, 0.15, 0.49, or 1.06 mg/liter) 6 hr/day, 5 days/week, for 13 weeks. The 216-ppm exposure level was the maximum practically attainable concentration, and it was more than 60% of the theoretical maximum vapor concentration for DEGME at(More)
Fischer 344 rats (10/sex/exposure concentration) and New Zealand White rabbits (7/sex/exposure concentration) were exposed to 0, 300, 1000, or 3000 ppm (0, 1.09, 3.62, or 10.9 mg/L) of propylene glycol monomethyl ether (PGME) for 6 hr/da, 5 da/wk, for 13 weeks. Minimal effects were observed in animals exposed to 3000 ppm. Indications of a transient central(More)
Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats and New Zealand white rabbits were exposed to vapors of epichlorohydrin (ECH) at concentrations of 0, 2.5 or 25 ppm or to allyl chloride (AC) at concentrations of 0, 30, or 300 ppm. Exposures were for 7 hr/day on days 6 through 15 (rats) or 6 through 18 (rabbits) of gestation. Maternal effects including decreased body weight and(More)
This study evaluated the relationship between methyl chloride (MeCl) exposure duration and neurotoxicity. Female C57BL/6 mice were exposed to MeCl for 11 days, either continuously (22 hr/day) to 15, 50, 100, 150, or 200 ppm, or intermittently (5.5 hr/day) to 150, 400, 800, 1600, or 2400 ppm. This strain and sex of mouse was chosen because it is sensitive to(More)
Orthodichlorobenzene (ODCB) and paradichlorobenzene (PDCB) were evaluated for teratogenic potential in rats (ODCB only) and rabbits. Groups of bred rats and inseminated rabbits were exposed to 0, 100, 200, or 400 ppm of ODCB; groups of inseminated rabbits were exposed to 0, 100, 300, or 800 ppm of PDCB. Animals were exposed for 6 hr/day on Days 6 through 15(More)
Methyl chloride (MeCl) metabolism and pharmacokinetics were studied in male Fischer 344 rats and male beagle dogs. Apparent steady-state blood MeCl concentrations were proportionate to exposure concentration in rats and dogs exposed to 50 and 1000 ppm. Furthermore, blood MeCl concentrations were similar in both species when they were exposed to the same(More)
Reproductive parameters in Fischer 344 rats were evaluated following inhalation of propylene oxide (PO) for two successive generations. Thirty male and 30 female rats were exposed to 0, 30, 100, or 300 ppm PO for 6 hr/day, 5 days/week for 14 weeks and then mated to produce the f1 litters. After weaning, 30 randomly selected f1 pups/sex/group were exposed to(More)
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