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The authors retrospectively reviewed the surgical outcomes in 10 cases of symptomatic intradural extramedullary spinal metastases of nonneurogenic origin because the collective experience in treating this rare manifestation of systemic cancer is limited. Pain and weakness were the presenting complaints in 70% of the patients and sensory changes were found(More)
BACKGROUND Transoral removal and sialoadenectomy are the two main modalities of treatment for submandibular stones. However, missed ductal stones are not uncommon, and there is a risk of lingual or hypoglossal nerve injury. We attempted to avoid these complications by using an endoscopic technique. METHODS The case notes of the patients who had undergone(More)
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