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1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+), the active metabolite of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) serves as a valuable tool in animal models of Parkinson's disease. Primary cell cultures of mesencephalon from C57/Bl6 mice were used to investigate the effects of various dopaminergic neurotoxins on the intracellular calcium metabolism. MPP+ was(More)
Do the repayment requirements of the classic microfinance contract inhibit investment in high-return but illiquid business opportunities among the poor? Using a field experiment, we compare the classic contract which requires that repayment begin immediately after loan disbursement to a contract that includes a two-month grace period. The provision of a(More)
BACKGROUND There is no cure for autoimmune chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IBD patients commonly use complementary and alternative medications of which the safety, efficacy, and interaction with standard-of-care therapies are not fully known. Thus the consequences can become life-threatening. Sulfasalazine commonly used in IBD, potentially has(More)
CXC chemokines, which induce angiogenesis, have glutamine-leucine-arginine amino acid residues (ELR motif) in the amino terminus and bind CXCR2 and the Duffy antigen chemokine-binding protein. Duffy, a seven transmembrane protein that binds CXC and CC chemokines, has not been shown to couple to trimeric G proteins or to transduce intracellular signals,(More)
The effect of cholesterol feeding (3 g/day) on bile acid synthesis was examined in 10 New Zealand white rabbits (NZW), 8 Watanabe heterozygous and 10 homozygous rabbits with partial and complete deficiencies of LDL receptors. After 10 days of cholesterol feeding, bile fistulas were constructed and bile acid pool sizes were measured. Cholesterol feeding(More)
This study was conducted to compare lipid components of sebum from persons from three ethnic backgrounds-Caucasian, African American and Northern Asian. Men and women with no acne in two age groups (18‒25 y and 35‒45 y) were recruited. Skin surface hydration (SkiCon 200EX and NovaMeter), barrier function (Delfin VapoMeter), high-resolution clinical imaging,(More)
The Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is a common birth defect-mental retardation syndrome caused by a defect in the enzyme that reduces 7-dehydrocholesterol to cholesterol. Because of this block, patients' plasma cholesterol levels are generally low while 7-dehydrocholesterol concentrations are markedly elevated. In addition, plasma total sterols are(More)
The ability of selegiline to protect against the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) has been attributed to the inhibition of the conversion of MPTP to 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+), catalyzed by monoamine oxidase-B. Selegiline, however, has been found to rescue neurons in MPP(+)-treated mice after they have sustained lethal(More)
A general glutathione (GSH) deficiency occurs in many tissues of the aging mouse. However, there is no information on GSH in the aging brain even though it has been involved in a number of neurobiologic reactions. To this end, C57BL/6 mice, 3-31 months old, representing the growth, maturation, and aging periods of the life-span were studied. Brain cortex,(More)
  • Erica Field, Rohini Pande, John Papp, Emmerich Davies, Sitaram Mukherjee, Anup Roy +4 others
  • 2009
Recent evidence suggests heterogenous impacts of microfinance loans, with limited average effects on enterprise growth among the poor. One possibility is that the rigidity of the classic microcredit contract – widely held to be important for reducing default – inhibits investment in microenterprises. To explore these trade-offs, we provide experimental(More)