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Although epidemiological evidence shows an association between arsenic in drinking water and increased risk of skin, lung, and bladder cancers, arsenic compounds are not animal carcinogens. The lack of animal models has hindered mechanistic studies of arsenic carcinogenesis. Previously, this laboratory found that low concentrations of arsenite (the likely(More)
DISCLAIMER The use of company or product name(s) is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. A Toxicological Profile for Arsenic, Draft for Public Comment was released in September 2005. This edition supersedes any previously released draft or final profile. Toxicological profiles are(More)
A meeting on the health effects of arsenic (As), its modes of action, and areas in need of future research was held in Hunt Valley, Maryland, on 22-24 September 1997. Exposure to As in drinking water has been associated with the development of skin and internal cancers and noncarcinogenic effects such as diabetes, peripheral neuropathy, and cardiovascular(More)
Inorganic arsenic (arsenite and arsenate) in drinking water has been associated with skin cancers in several countries such as Taiwan, Chile, Argentina, Bangladesh, and Mexico. This association has not been established in the United States. In addition, inorganic arsenic alone in drinking water does not cause skin cancers in animals. We recently showed that(More)
Arsenite, the most likely environmental carcinogenic form of arsenic, is not significantly mutagenic at non-toxic concentrations, but is able to enhance the mutagenicity of other agents. Evidence suggests that this comutagenic effect of arsenite is due to inhibition of DNA repair, but no specific repair enzyme has been found to be sensitive to low (<1(More)
Arsenic compounds are known carcinogens. Although many carcinogens are also mutagens, we have previously shown that sodium arsenite is not mutagenic at either the Na+/K+ ATPase or hprt locus in Chinese hamster V79 cells. It can, however, enhance UV-mutagenesis. We now confirm the nonmutagenicity of sodium arsenite in line G12, a pSV2gpt-transformed V79(More)
Arsenic-induced carcinogenesis is a worldwide problem for which there is currently limited means for control. Recently, we showed that arsenite in drinking water greatly potentiates solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) induced skin cancer in mice, at concentrations as low as 1.25 mg/l. In this study, we examined the protective efficacy of vitamin E and(More)
Solar ultraviolet radiation has been associated with the induction of skin cancer. Recent studies have indicated that near-ultraviolet, especially UVB, is mutagenic. Exposure to trivalent inorganic arsenic compounds has also been associated with increased skin cancer prevalence. Trivalent arsenic compounds are not mutagenic per se, but are comutagenic with(More)
Arsenite is a human multisite carcinogen, but its mechanism of action is not known. We recently found that extremely low concentrations (</=0.1 microM) of arsenite transform human osteosarcoma TE85 (HOS) cells to anchorage-independence. In contrast to other carcinogens which transform these cells within days of exposure, almost 8 weeks of arsenite exposure(More)