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UNLABELLED Sorafenib, a broad tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is the only approved systemic therapy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) but provides limited survival benefits. Recently, immunotherapy has emerged as a promising treatment strategy, but its role remains unclear in HCCs, which are associated with decreased cytotoxic CD8(+) T-lymphocyte(More)
BACKGROUND Liver stiffness (LS) correlates with portal pressure (hepatic venous pressure gradient, HVPG). However, the dynamic components of portal hypertension (PHT) in advanced cirrhosis may not be adequately assessed by TE. The influence of treatment with non-selective β-blockers (NSBB) on the correlation of HVPG and LS has not been investigated. (More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Nonselective β blockers (NSBBs) reduce portal pressure and the risk for variceal hemorrhage in patients with cirrhosis. However, development of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in these patients could preclude treatment with NSBBs because of their effects on the circulatory reserve. We investigated the effects of NSBBs in patients(More)
BACKGROUND According to guidelines, treatment of HCV infection should be considered a priority in HIV-HCV-coinfected patients. METHODS This multicentre study includes HIV-HCV-coinfected patients diagnosed since 2001 in 14 participating centres in Austria and Germany. Demographic and virological data were recorded. Factors associated with non-initiation of(More)
BACKGROUND Acoustic radiation force impulse imaging (ARFI) is a new method of liver stiffness measurement (LSM). The aim was to compare ARFI, transient elastography (TE) and AST to platelet ratio index (APRI) for the noninvasive diagnosis of clinically significant portal hypertension (CSPH, hepatic venous pressure gradient; HVPG ≥ 10 mmHg) and esophageal(More)
BACKGROUND Transient elastography (TE) is a noninvasive tool to assess hepatic fibrosis by measuring liver stiffness (LS). Recent studies suggest that TE may be used to screen for liver cirrhosis and clinically significant portal hypertension (≥ 10 mmHg; CSPH), whereas data on the clinical applicability of TE are limited. METHODS Among 695 patients(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Transient elastography (TE) can non-invasively diagnose cirrhosis and portal hypertension (PHT). New TE reliability criteria suggest classifying measurements as very reliable (IQR/M < 0.1), reliable (IQR<0.3 or >0.3, if TE < 7.1 kPa) and poorly reliable (IQR/M > 0.3, if TE > 7.1 kPa). Compare traditional (reliable: success rate >60% +(More)
Patients co-infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the hepatitis C virus (HCV) are fraught with a rapid fibrosis progression rate and with complications of portal hypertension (PHT) We aimed to assess the influence of immune function [Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stage] on development of PHT and disease progression in(More)
UNLABELLED von Willebrand factor antigen (vWF-Ag) is elevated in patients with liver cirrhosis, but the clinical significance is unclear. We hypothesized that vWF-Ag levels may correlate with portal pressure, measured by hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG), and predict clinically significant portal hypertension (CSPH; HVPG ≥ 10 mmHg), decompensation and(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to prospectively assess health-related quality of life (HRQL) and severity of fatigue before, during and after antiviral therapy in HIV/HCV co-infected patients. DESIGN 59 HIV/HCV co-infected patients receiving pegylated interferon plus ribavirin (PEGIFN+RBV) in the HIVCOPEG study were included in this substudy(More)