T R Spafford

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Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is the most common form of diabetes in the civilized world. Its consequences include microvascular and macrovascular disease, both of which appear to evolve from a common background of obesity and physical inactivity. The current study was undertaken in obese patients with NIDDM to see whether improvements(More)
In brief: Vigorous exercise has been associated with reduced cardiovascular risk factors and a lower incidence of coronary heart disease. To determine the effects of endurance training on middle-aged men, a group that is at risk for heart disease, two groups of Physicians were surveyed: 1,269 runners (members of the American Medical Joggers Association who(More)
After a 500 calorie diet and 6 months of low fat, maintenance diet, weight, serum lipid, and lipoprotein levels were compared to baseline in 46 obese patients. Mean weight decreased by 25.9 percent (29.2 kg). Mean total (TC) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides (TG) decreased by 5.5 percent (12.1 mg/dl), 11 percent (15.5 mg/dl)(More)
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