T R Maone

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The sucking responses of 16 newborn infants exposed to cocaine just prior to birth and 16 control newborns were recorded when offered a fluidless sucrose-flavored nipple and a comparable nonsweet nipple. Cocaine-exposed infants showed a significantly greater preference for sweet taste: Compared with control infants, the cocaine group sucked more frequently(More)
A new method for administering a taste to preterm and term infants has been developed that does not necessitate the delivery of rapid solutions. Sucrose, a sugar that in solution was shown to potentiate sucking behavior, was embedded in gelatin-based nipples that continuously release sweet taste when mouthed or sucked. The gelatin nipples and comparable(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of sweet taste stimulation in augmenting the reported growth-enhancing effects of nonnutritive sucking in preterm infants who are gavage-fed. DESIGN Random assignment of preterm infants to receive stimulation by one of three methods during each feeding until totally orally fed. SETTING Hospital intensive-care and infant(More)
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