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Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were given chlorpyrifos (O:, O-diethyl-O:-[3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyl] phosphorothioate; CPF) in corn oil by gavage from gestation day 6 (GD 6) through lactation day 10 (LD 10) at dosages of 0, 0.3, 1, or 5 mg/kg/day in a developmental neurotoxicity study that conformed to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 1991 guidelines.(More)
The extended one-generation reproduction toxicity study (OECD 443, adopted 28-July-2011) produces more information with fewer animals than the two-generation study (OECD 416), by including F1 neurotoxicity and immunotoxicity assessments, and omitting an F2 generation if there are no relevant F1 findings. This saves >1000 animals per compound. Feasibility(More)
The embryotoxic and teratogenic potential of inhaled monochlorobenzene (MCB) was evaluated in rats and rabbits. Bred Fischer 344 rats and inseminated New Zealand White rabbits were exposed to 0, 75, 210, or 590 ppm of MCB via inhalation for 6 hr/day during the period of major organogenesis. Exposure to 590 ppm caused elevated liver weights in both species(More)
Groups of male and female Sprague-Dawley (CD) rats were exposed to 0, 30, 100, or 300 ppm ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME) vapor 6 hours/day, 5 days/week for 13 weeks. The 0 and 30 ppm groups each contained 30 rats/sex and the 100 and 300 ppm groups each had 20 rats/sex. Following the exposure period, males were bred to unexposed females to evaluate(More)
3,5,6-Trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCP), the primary metabolite of chlorpyrifos and chlorpyrifos-methyl, was evaluated for potential developmental toxicity. Groups of 32-34 bred female Fischer 344 rats were given 0, 50, 100, or 150 mg TCP/kg/day by gavage on gestation days 6-15; the fetuses were evaluated on gestation day 21. Similarly, groups of 16 inseminated(More)
The potential for 2,4-D and its salts and esters to induce developmental toxicity was investigated in rats (8 studies) and rabbits (7 studies). Maternal toxicity associated with exposure was dependent on the dose level expressed as 2,4-D acid equivalents. The severity of the maternal effect was correlated to the 2,4-D acid-equivalent dose, with increasing(More)
1,2-Dichloropropane (PDC) was evaluated for its potential to cause embryonal/fetal toxicity and teratogenicity in pregnant rats and rabbits. PDC was administered via oral gavage at dose levels of 0, 10, 30, or 125 mg/kg/day on Days 6 through 15 of gestation (rats) or 0, 15, 50, or 150 mg/kg/day on gestation Days 7 through 19 (rabbits). Fetuses were examined(More)
Dams nursing litters of Fischer 344 rats were allowed access to feed containing nonabsorbable 141Ce-labeled NEN-TRAC microspheres for 24-hr intervals during the later half of a 28-day nursing period. Neonatal solid feed consumption began during the third week of nursing and rose to peak amounts as high as 2.1 times normal adult levels on a gram consumed per(More)
Spinosad, an insecticide derived from a naturally occurring bacterium via fermentation, represents a new class of insecticides acting by a novel mode of action. A dietary study was conducted in Sprague-Dawley rats in which groups of 30 rats/sex/dosage level were given diets that provided 0, 3, 10, or 100 mg spinosad/kg body weight/day, 7 days/week, for 2(More)