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Rickettsia tsutsugamushi was isolated from L. (L.) arenicola chiggers and three species of rats in an area of scrub and sedge along the Bay of Jakarta. This is the only finding in Indonesia of a cycle of the agent of scrub typhus associated with L. (L.) arenicola. A serologic survey of nearly 300 persons living in two kampungs near the site at which(More)
A survey of smnall mammals and their ectoparasites was conducted on the islands of Biak and Owi, Indonesia, in August 1976. Two species of chiggers known to serve as vectors of scrub typhus were found: Leptotrombidium (Leptotrombidium) deliense from Rattus exulans, R. ruber, and R. r. septicus; L. (L.) flectcheri from R. exulans, R. leucopus and R. r.(More)
A survey was conducted in Kresek, West Java, Indonesia and 813 persons from six villages examined for filariasis. Only eight had microfilaremia and one male person had elephantiasis. Comparing results obtained approximately ten years earlier and the present survey, there was a marked decrease in the microfilarial rate in Kresek, especially in Penameng,(More)
Background: Celiac is a chronic hereditary intestinal disorder caused by autoimmune stimulation and injury of intestinal mucosa and different studies have reported an increase of inflammatory cytokines production in these patients. This study aimed to investigate the serum level of inflammatory cytokines and their correlations with the severity of(More)
Trapping of small mammals in a ricefield at Kramat Tunggak around Tanjung Priok in Jakarta city, was carried out from July 1977 through June 1978. Of three species of rodents, R.argentiventer was found to be the predominant species in the ricefield. R.r.diardii was an intermittent resident, and the presence of R.norvegicus was interesting observation.(More)
From June 1977 to June 1978 a study of smal mammals was carried out in the Ciloto field station area, West Java, Indonesia by the WHO Vector Biology and Control Research Unit-II. The objectives of the investigations were to determine the diversity and density of rodent species, to find potential plague and scrub typhus vectors and to study their(More)