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Studies on optimal stand management often make simplifications or restrict the choice of treatments. Examples of simplifications are neglecting natural regeneration that appears on a plantation site, omitting advance regeneration in simulations, or restricting thinning treatments to low thinning (thinning from below). This study analyzed the impacts of(More)
Heinonen, T. & Pukkala, T. 2004. A comparison of one-and two-compartment neighbourhoods in heuristic search with spatial forest management goals. Silva Fennica 38(3): 319–332. This study presents a comparison of the performance of four heuristic techniques with one-and two-compartment neighbourhoods in harvest scheduling problems including a spatial(More)
The existence of multiple decision-makers and goals, spatial and non-linear forest management objectives and the combinatorial nature of forest planning problems are reasons that support the use of heuristic optimisation algorithms in forest planning instead of the more traditional LP methods. A heuristic is a search algorithm that does not necessarily find(More)
Application of ant colony optimization for the risk management of wind damage in forest planning. Silva Fennica 41(2): 315–332. Ant colony optimization (ACO) is still quite a new technique and seldom used in the field of forest planning compared to other heuristics such as simulated annealing and genetic algorithms. This work was aimed at evaluating the(More)
Hyrcania is a productive region near the southern coast of Caspian Sea. Her forests are mostly uneven-aged beach-dominated hardwood mixtures. There is increasing willingness to treat these forests without clear-felling, following the ideas of continuous cover management. However, lack of growth and yield models have delayed this endeavor, and no(More)
The current trend of forest management in many countries is reduced use of clear-felling and planting, and increased use of continuous cover management. In Finland, the new forest act of 2014 made all types of cuttings equally allowable on the condition that if the post-cutting residual stand basal area is too low, the stand must be regenerated within(More)
Biomass prediction is important when dealing for instance with carbon sequestration, wildfire modeling, or bioenergy supply. Although allometric models based on destructive sampling provide accurate estimates, alternative species-specific equations often yield considerably different biomass predictions. An important source of intra-specific variability(More)
Decisions on forest management are made under risk and uncertainty because the stand development cannot be predicted exactly and future timber prices are unknown. Deterministic calculations may lead to biased advice on optimal forest management. The study optimized continuous cover management of boreal forest in a situation where tree growth, regeneration,(More)
This study aims at identifying forest areas affected by surface erosion in Catalonia. It analyses the characteristics of forests that are related to erosion occurrence. The data on erosion observations and stand variables were obtained from the Third Spanish National Forest Inventory (2000–2001). We used the classification tree method to study the(More)