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Studies on optimal stand management often make simplifications or restrict the choice of treatments. Examples of simplifications are neglecting natural regeneration that appears on a plantation site, omitting advance regeneration in simulations, or restricting thinning treatments to low thinning (thinning from below). This study analyzed the impacts of(More)
Title: The visual preferences for forest regeneration and field afforestation-four case studies in Finland Karjalainen, Eeva. 2006. The visual preferences for forest regeneration and field afforestation-four case studies in Finland. ABSTRACT The overall aim of this dissertation was to study the public's preferences for forest regeneration fellings and field(More)
Heinonen, T. & Pukkala, T. 2004. A comparison of one-and two-compartment neighbourhoods in heuristic search with spatial forest management goals. Silva Fennica 38(3): 319–332. This study presents a comparison of the performance of four heuristic techniques with one-and two-compartment neighbourhoods in harvest scheduling problems including a spatial(More)
The existence of multiple decision-makers and goals, spatial and non-linear forest management objectives and the combinatorial nature of forest planning problems are reasons that support the use of heuristic optimisation algorithms in forest planning instead of the more traditional LP methods. A heuristic is a search algorithm that does not necessarily find(More)
Fusarium circinatum is an invasive forest pathogen causing pitch canker in Europe. It attacks several pine species and Douglas firs. It has already invaded a few places in the Iberian Peninsula and Italy. The aim of this study is to develop a model for simulating the spread of F. circinatum once it enters Europe via various entry points such as harbours,(More)
Application of ant colony optimization for the risk management of wind damage in forest planning. Silva Fennica 41(2): 315–332. Ant colony optimization (ACO) is still quite a new technique and seldom used in the field of forest planning compared to other heuristics such as simulated annealing and genetic algorithms. This work was aimed at evaluating the(More)
The current trend of forest management in many countries is reduced use of clear-felling and planting, and increased use of continuous cover management. In Finland, the new forest act of 2014 made all types of cuttings equally allowable on the condition that if the post-cutting residual stand basal area is too low, the stand must be regenerated within(More)
Decisions on forest management are made under risk and uncertainty because the stand development cannot be predicted exactly and future timber prices are unknown. Deterministic calculations may lead to biased advice on optimal forest management. The study optimized continuous cover management of boreal forest in a situation where tree growth, regeneration,(More)