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F or years seasonal climate forecasts had the potential to improve resource management but instead played only a marginal role in real-world decision making. 1 A widespread perception that the quality of the forecasts was poor presented an especially persistent dilemma for climate forecasters (Changnon 1990). In 1997–98, however, use of the forecasts turned(More)
Since the early 1900's, the Natural Resources Conservation Service and cooperating agencies have produced long-lead seasonal volumetric water supply forecasts throughout the western US. These statistical regression-based forecasts primarily rely on measurements of current snowpack and proxies of soil moisture such as antecedent streamflow and autumn(More)
Insulin receptors are known to be located on nerve cells in mammalian brain. The binding of insulin to dimerized receptors stimulates specialized transporter proteins that mediate the facilitated influx of glucose. However, neurons possess other mechanisms by which they obtain glucose, including transporters that are not insulin-dependent. Further, insulin(More)
An analysis was conducted of almost 5000 operational seasonal streamflow forecast errors across the western United States. These forecasts are for 29 unregulated rivers with diversity in geography and climate. Deterministic evaluations revealed strong correspondence between observations and forecasts issued 1 April. Forecasts issued earlier in the season(More)
April–September streamflow volume data from 141 unregulated basins in the western United States were analyzed for trends in year-to-year variability and persistence. Decadal timescale changes in streamflow variability and lag-1-yr autocorrelation (persistence) were observed. The significance of the variability trends was tested using a jackknife procedure(More)
InnovatIons Crater Meadows SNOTEL site, Idaho. Hypalon snow pillows (white circles about 3 m in diameter) measure snow water equivalent and are the primary basis for most Western US water supply forecasts. Precipitation gauge is in upper left. Other instruments are mounted on the tower between the two snow pillows. All SNOTEL sites are solar powered. T(More)
References marked with (*) are non peer-reviewed literature and are available upon request. A pragmatic view of knowledge and boundaries: boundary objects in new product development. Cash, D.W., 2001: In order to aid in diffusing useful and practical information: agricultural extension and boundary organizations.nomic value of long-lead streamflow forecasts(More)
Increased automation and use of computer-aided decision support systems are attractive options for hydrologic forecasting agencies faced with growing product complexity and institutional resourcing pressures. Although the hydrologic literature has been nearly silent on the roles of expertise and automation in forecasting , other disciplines such as(More)