T P van der Woude

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The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is the major pacemaker in the central nervous system responsible for generating circadian rhythmicity in mammals. Tracer studies show limited projections of the SCN, mainly to the paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus and paraventricular and dorsomedial nuclei of the hypothalamus, suggesting that the latter two areas may(More)
This paper describes the vasopressin (VP) and oxytocin (OXT) immunoreactive structures in the brain and upper spinal cord of the adult male and female Macaca fascicularis. Immunocytochemistry following intraventricular application of colchicine displayed VP neurons in the diagonal band of Broca (DBB), bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BST), medial(More)
The diurnal rhythm of corticosteroid secretion is controlled by the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). In rats, plasma corticosteroid levels rise just before the onset of the activity period during the dark phase. Our previous results indicated that vasopressin as a neurotransmitter from the SCN inhibited corticosteroid secretion in the area of the(More)
Recently, anatomical evidence was presented that the mammalian circadian clock located in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) may utilize GABA to transmit diurnal information to the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH). The present study provides further physiological evidence for the involvement of this GABAergic projection in the regulation of diurnal rhythms.(More)
The amount of immunocytochemically detectable vasopressin in the brain of the European hamster (Cricetus cricetus) shows a seasonal variation; i.e., dense vasopressin immunoreactivity is present in the lateral septum during summer but is absent in autumn and winter [Buijs, R. M., Pévet, P., Masson-Pévet, M., Pool, C. W., De Vries, G. J., Canguilhem, B. &(More)
Vasopressin (VP) is synthesized as propressophysin, containing also neurophysin (NP) and C-terminal glycopeptide (CPP), within the hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal system (HNS). Recently, VP and NP-immunoreactive cells were demonstrated in other rat brain nuclei. Here we report CPP immunoreactivity in perikarya in these nuclei. Within the homozygous Brattleboro(More)
Several endogenous peptides have been implicated in the regulation of sleep and wakefulness. The present study was carried out in order to determine whether the light-dark rhythm of vasopressin (VP) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) had functional significance in relaying information from the circadian pacemaker, i.e. the suprachiasmatic nuclei (which(More)
Binding sites for oxytocin (OXT) and alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) in brain of homozygous Brattleboro rats were immunocytochemically visualized after ventricular administration of the peptides by Accurel implants. Two patterns were found: 'ring type' staining in perineuronal structures was observed in CA1 and CA3 areas of ventral(More)
Recovery of circadian drinking rhythms in suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN)-lesioned rats after fetal SCN grafting was related to the immunocytochemical appearance and fiber outgrowth of vasopressin (VP)-, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)-, and somatostatin (SOM)-containing neurons in the implants. At 4 weeks postgrafting, the first recovered animal was(More)
The postnatal developmental course of the enhanced OT serum level of the vasopressin-deficient (homozygous) Brattleboro rat was investigated radioimmunochemically together with the response to treatment with Pitressin tannate. Compared with heterozygous Brattleboro (control) pups, in which serum OT appeared to have an adult value from birth onwards (about(More)