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O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is a ubiquitous protein responsible for repair of O6-alkylguanine, a mutagenic, carcinogenic and toxic lesion. To characterize the elements responsible for the regulation of the MGMT gene, a 2.6 kb Sstl fragment isolated from a genomic clone, was shown to contain 5' flanking sequences of the gene. The promoter(More)
The mechanism whereby the DNA repair protein O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is silenced in repair-deficient (Mer-) human tumor cells is unknown. The role of methylation of the 5' CpG island in MGMT gene suppression is controversial. Although we previously showed by restriction enzyme analysis that CpG methylation in this region was associated(More)
High-level expression of the DNA repair protein O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) correlates with cellular resistance to the chloroethylnitrosourea (CENU) class of alkylating agents. Consequently, tumors expressing low levels of MGMT are sensitive to CENU chemotherapy, and any mechanism that can be used to reduce MGMT levels could sensitize(More)
Transfer of drug resistance genes to hematopoietic stem cells offers the potential to protect cancer patients from drug-induced myelosuppression and to increase the number of gene-modified cells by in vivo selection. In this study, a retroviral vector expressing both a P140K variant of human O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and an EGFP reporter(More)
Fanconi anemia (FA) cells are hypersensitive to cytotoxicity, cell cycle arrest, and chromosomal aberrations induced by DNA cross-linking agents, such as mitomycin C (MMC) and nitrogen mustard (HN2). Although MMC hypersensitivity is complemented in a subset of FA cells (complementation group C [FA-C]) by wild-type FAC cDNA, the cytoprotective mechanism is(More)
To investigate the interaction of the electrophilic species generated by the decomposition of the antineoplastic prodrug 1,2-bis(methylsulfonyl)-1-(2-chloroethyl)-2-[(methylamino)carbonyl]hydrazine (VNP40101M) on the ability of O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) to repair alkylated O6-chloroethylguanine and/or N1,O6-ethanoguanine DNA lesions. The(More)
Transcriptional silencing of the DNA repair gene, O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) in a proportion of transformed cell lines is associated with methylated CpG hotspots in the MGMT 5' flank. The goal of the study was to evaluate the mechanism by which CpG methylation of theMGMT promoter region influenced silencing of the gene. Analysis of(More)
The enzyme O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) protects cells from the cytotoxic and mutagenic effects of alkylating agents. Approximately 20% of tumor cell lines lack MGMT activity and are highly sensitive to alkylating agents. In established cancer cell lines, MGMT expression appears to be correlated with methylation of residues in both the(More)
A synthetic oligonucleotide containing ribozyme sequences targeted to the 5' region of the human O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) mRNA has been constructed. This ribozyme demonstrates cleavage activity in vitro in the presence of Mg2+. To determine whether this ribozyme can function in vivo, HeLa CCL2 cells were transfected with a mammalian(More)
Human tumor cell lines that do not express O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) in detectable quantities (Mer-) are hypersensitive to the effects of O6-guanine-alkylating agents. Because the Mer- phenotype enhances tumor response to such agents, we investigated possible mechanisms involved in regulation of MGMT expression in a panel of Mer+ and(More)