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During replication, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) takes on a triple-stranded structure called a D-loop. Although their physiological roles are not understood, D-loops are implicated in replication and transcription of mtDNA. Little is known about the turnover of D-loops. We investigated the effects of mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) and(More)
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine has been reported to cause parkinsonism via its neurotoxic form, 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+), which inhibits complex I of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. Its parkinsonism-causing mechanisms attract a great deal of interest as a model of the disease. Recently, we reported that MPP+ strongly(More)
Mammalian mitochondria contain strong nuclease activity. Endonuclease G (endoG), which predominantly resides in mitochondria, accounts for a large part of this nuclease activity. It has been proposed to act as an RNase H-like nuclease on RNA.DNA hybrids (R-loops) in the D-loop region where the origins of mitochondrial replication are mapped, providing RNA(More)
Ditercalinium chloride was originally synthesized for use as an anticancer drug and was then found to deplete mitochondrial DNA. Ethidium bromide is widely used to deplete mitochondrial DNA and produce mitochondrial DNA-less cell lines. Although ethidium bromide is used in the case of human cell lines, it frequently fails to deplete mitochondrial DNA in(More)
During replication, human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) takes on a triple-stranded structure known as a D-loop, which is implicated in replication and transcription. 1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+), a toxin inducing parkinsonism, inhibits mtDNA replication, possibly by resolving the D-loops. For initiation of mtDNA replication, mitochondria are thought(More)
A new human acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cell line, designated HBL-3, was established from the bone marrow of a patient with non-T-ALL. The HBL-3 cell line expressed B4 (CD 19), BA-1 (CD 24) and HLA-DR antigens, but not surface immunoglobulin (SIg) or cytoplasmic immunoglobulin (CIg). The cell line lacked the common acute lymphoblastic leukemia(More)
Stable RNA-DNA hybrids (R-loops) prime the initiation of replication in Escherichia coli cells. The R-loops are resolved by Escherichia coli RecG protein, a Holliday junction specific helicase. A stable RNA-DNA hybrid formation in the mitochondrial D-loop region is also implicated in priming the replication of mitochondrial DNA. Consistent with this(More)
A new human lymphoblastic lymphoma cell line was established (designated HT-1) from the pleural fluid lymphoma cells of a patient with lymphoblastic lymphoma of T-cell type. The HT-1 cells expressed CD1, CD2, CD3, CD4, CD5, CD7, CD8, CD57, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) but lacked B-cell-associated antigens and myeloid-associated antigens.(More)
Bacterially expressed recombinant proteins are widely used for producing specific antibodies. Unfortunately, many recombinant proteins are recovered as insoluble materials, so-called inclusion bodies. Inclusion bodies are rather advantageous from a point of view of immunogens because fairly pure proteins can be feasibly extracted from the inclusion bodies.(More)
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