T O Palladina

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Stress state in plants caused by salinization conditions is characterized by the disturbance of ionic and osmotic homeostasis. The maintenance of the latter is reached by accumulation of osmolytes including free amino acids and soluble sugars in cells. The free amino acid level in the 8-day-old control seedling leaves was higher, than in the roots, whereas(More)
Participations of electrogenic H+-pumps of plasma and vacuolar membranes represented by E1-E2 and V-type H+-ATPases in plant cell adaptation to salt stress conditions has been studied by determination of their transport activities. Experiments were carried out on corn seedlings exposed during 1 or 10 days at 0.1 M NaCl. Preparations Methyure and Ivine were(More)
Salinity is a hard stress factor for plant organisms which negative effect is caused chiefly by sodium toxic for plants. Plant cells try to remove Na+ from their cytoplasm outside and to vacuolar space by secondary active Na+/H+-antiporters. Their functions can be intensified by gene engineering methods however we try do it with the help of non-toxic(More)
The function of two electrogenic H+ -pumps in plant vacuolar membrane (tonoplast) and their response to the salt stress conditions and adaptogenic preparations have been studied. Experiments were carried out on tonoplast fraction isolated from the roots of corn seedlings grown in water culture which were exposed at 7-day age in the presence of 0.1 M NaCl(More)
The intensification of lipid free radical oxidation processes and active oxygen spicies accumulation in roots and leaves of corn seedlings has been studied by chemiluminescence method. 10-days exposition on 0.1 M NaCl decreased their growth and influenced on peroxidation intensivity. The maximum of H2O2-initiated chemiluminescence in roots was noted at 9th(More)
The effect of different salinity levels and synthetic compounds treatments on ascorbate-glutathione cycle enzymes activity in maize leaves has been investigated. One-day seedlings exposition with 0.05 M NaCl increased ascorbate peroxidase activity, whereas 10-day exposition did not affect it. However the exposition with 0.1 M NaCl, which is extreme for(More)
The effect of different salinity level and synthetic compounds treatment on phospholipase D activity in the root tissue of maize seedlings and the content of phosphatidic acid in plasmatic membrane has been investigated. The salt exposition to 0.05 M NaCl raised the activity of phospholipase D and the content of phosphatidic acid in the plasma membrane. The(More)
Activity modifications of two enzymes included in antioxidant system have been studied in roots and leaves of corn seedlings during 10-day exposition to 0.1 M NaCl. In roots of salt-stressed seedlings both activities were reduced but their decreasing was changed at rising at the exposition end. The changes of catalase activity in corn leaves had the same(More)
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