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Trained African giant-pouched rats (Cricetomys gambianus) can detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis and show potential for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB). However, rats' ability to discriminate between clinical sputum containing other Mycobacterium spp. and nonmycobacterial species of the respiratory tract is unknown. It is also unknown whether(More)
Volatiles released by pathogenic and nonpathogenic mycobacteria, as well as by mycobacteria-related Nocardia spp., were analyzed. Bacteria were cultivated on solid and in liquid media, and headspace samples were collected at various times during the bacterial lifecycle to elucidate the conditions giving optimal volatile emission. Emitted volatiles were(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis in regions with limited resources depends on microscopy with insufficient sensitivity. Rapid diagnostic tests of low cost but high sensitivity and specificity are needed for better point-of-care management of TB. Trained African giant pouched rats (Cricetomys sp.) can diagnose pulmonary TB in sputum but the relevant Mycobacterium(More)
The analysis of the volatiles released by the novel bacterial isolate Chitinophaga Fx7914 revealed the presence of ca. 200 compounds including different methyl esters. These esters comprise monomethyl- and dimethyl-branched, saturated, and unsaturated fatty acid methyl esters that have not been described as bacterial volatiles before. More than 30 esters of(More)
The biosynthesis of the volatiles 2,5- and 2,6-diisopropylpyrazine (2 and 3, resp.) released by the myxobacteria Nannocystis exedens subsp. cinnabarina (Na c29) and Chondromyces crocatus (strains Cm c2 and Cm c5) was studied. Isotopically labeled precursors and proposed pathway intermediates were fed to agar plate cultures of the myxobacteria. Subsequently,(More)
During operation of mobile air conditioning (MAC) systems in automobiles, malodours can occur. We studied the microbial communities found on contaminated heat exchanger fins of 45 evaporators from car MAC systems which were operated in seven different regions of the world and identified corresponding volatile organic compounds. Collected biofilms were(More)
We investigated the pyrazine production of 23 Pseudomonas isolates obtained from cork in order to assess their implications in off-flavour development. Off-flavour development in cork stoppers is a crucial process in maintaining the high quality of some wines. Pyrazine production was analyzed by headspace solid-phase-microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas(More)
2-Methyltetrahydrothiophen-3-one (3) is a volatile compound that plays an important role especially in food and flavour chemistry because it contributes to the aroma of several foodstuffs including wine. Although 3 can be formed by chemical reactions during food preparation, it is also produced by microorganisms. Recent studies with yeasts showed that(More)