T. Nakashima

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The crystal structure of the Alba protein (PhoAlba) from a hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3, was determined at a resolution of 2.8 A. PhoAlba structurally belongs to the alpha/beta proteins and is similar not only to archaeal homologues but also to RNA-binding proteins, including the C-terminal half of initiation factor 3 (IF3-C) from(More)
Ribonuclease P (RNase P) in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 consists of a catalytic RNA and five protein subunits. We previously determined crystal structures of four protein subunits. Ph1481p, an archaeal homologue for human hPop5, is the protein component of the P.horikoshii RNase P for which no structural information is(More)
BACKGROUND The glutathione transferase (GST) superfamily is involved in the detoxification of various xenobiotics. We have identified a GST mRNA that was induced in the fat bodies of a silkworm strain exhibiting diazinon resistance and have investigated the enzyme properties of this GST. METHODS A soluble recombinant protein was overexpressed in(More)
Starch-branching enzyme catalyzes the cleavage of α-1, 4-linkages and the subsequent transfer of α-1,4 glucan to form an α-1,6 branch point in amylopectin. Sequence analysis of the rice-branching enzyme I (BEI) indicated a modular structure in which the central α-amylase domain is flanked on each side by the N-terminal carbohydrate-binding module 48 and the(More)
Pladienolide B and its 16-hydroxylated derivative (pladienolide D) are novel 12-membered macrolides produced by Streptomyces platensis Mer-11107 showing strong in vitro and in vivo antitumor activity. While pladienolide B is mainly produced by this strain, pladienolide D is produced to a lesser extent. To facilitate the production of pladienolide D by(More)
We cloned the genes encoding the ribosomal proteins Ph (Pyrococcus horikoshii)-P0, Ph-L12 and Ph-L11, which constitute the GTPase-associated centre of the archaebacterium Pyrococcus horikoshii. These proteins are homologues of the eukaryotic P0, P1/P2 and eL12 proteins, and correspond to Escherichia coli L10, L7/L12 and L11 proteins respectively. The(More)
Starch branching enzyme (SBE) catalyzes the cleavage of alpha-1.4-linkages and the subsequent transfer of alpha-1.4 glucan to form an alpha-1.6 branch point in amylopectin. We overproduced rice branching enzyme I (BEI) in Escherichia coli cells, and the resulting enzyme (rBEI) was characterized with respect to biochemical and crystallographic properties.(More)
The Ski complex composed of Ski2p, Ski3p, and Ski8p plays an essential role in the 3' to 5' cytoplasmic mRNA degradation pathway in yeast. Ski2p is a putative RNA helicase, belonging in the DExD/H-box protein families and conserved in eukarya as well as in archaea. The gene product (Ph1280p) from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3(More)
The archaeal toxin, aRelE, in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 inhibits protein synthesis, whereas its cognate antitoxin, aRelB, neutralizes aRelE activity by forming a non-toxic complex, aRelB-aRelE. The structural mechanism whereby aRelB neutralizes aRelE activity was examined by biochemical and biophysical analyses. Overexpression(More)