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PURPOSE Surgery is curative therapy for pediatric low-grade gliomas (LGGs) in areas of the brain amenable to complete resection. However, LGGs located in areas where complete resection is not possible can threaten both function and life. The purpose of this study was to compare two chemotherapy regimens for LGGs in children younger than age 10 years for(More)
A variety of congenital midface anomalies occur in children. High-resolution computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging have proved helpful in determining the nature and extent of dysplasia, thereby facilitating treatment planning. A classification system has been developed that groups these anomalies into four categories based on(More)
PURPOSE Chronic venous hypertension due to jugular foramen stenosis has been proposed as an etiology for the hydrocephalus and tonsillar herniation seen in some patients with complex craniosynostosis. We report the use of MR venography (MRV) to evaluate venous outflow obstruction in this clinical setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS We studied 17 patients,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is a common malignancy of childhood treated with methotrexate (MTX), which is associated with acute neurotoxicity. We evaluated diffusion-weighted (DW) and conventional MR images in children with ALL and acute MTX-induced neurotoxicity, with clinical correlation. METHODS Five patients aged 12-15(More)
  • T N Booth
  • AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • 2012
OBJECTIVE This article will review the current literature as it relates to imaging of the child suspected to have cervical spine injury (CSI) and the imaging findings of pediatric CSI, focusing on strategies to minimize radiation dose while maximizing diagnostic yield. CONCLUSION Although CSI is uncommon in children, the clinical implications of failure(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in the preoperative evaluation of pediatric cochlear implant candidates. METHODS The charts of pediatric cochlear implant candidates evaluated between July 1, 2000 and November 30, 2003 with an MRI scan of the inner ear were included in the study.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Many pediatric patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) have an apparent increased thickness of the corpus callosum (CC) on sagittal T1-weighted images compared with patients not affected by NF-1. In this study, we compared the surface area of the CC in children with NF-1 with that of healthy pediatric control subjects to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We report our experience with MR imaging, MR angiography, and catheter angiography in children with acute idiopathic cerebral infarction and suggest that catheter angiography may still play an important role in this setting. METHODS During the past 8 years, 18 children with idiopathic cerebral infarction underwent MR imaging and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the incidence and type of intracranial and inner ear abnormalities in children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) identified with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and stratified by the degree and type of SNHL. DESIGN Retrospective review of medical records and MRIs. SETTING Tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS A total(More)
OBJECTIVES Pontine tegmental cap dysplasia (PTCD) is a rare congenital malformation. Clinical and imaging findings in 3 patients and the authors' experience with bilateral cochlear implantation in 1 patient are described. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective review. SETTING Two tertiary medical centers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Three patients were evaluated by an(More)