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BACKGROUND The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has important health complications for both mother and child and is increasing all over the world. Although prevalence estimates for GDM are not new in developed and many developing countries, data are lacking for many low-income countries like Bangladesh. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the(More)
In this paper, we present a multi-domain spoken dialogue system equipped with the capability of parallel computation of speech-recognition engines that are assigned to each domain. The experimental system is set up to handle three different domains (restaurant information, weather report, and news query) in an in-car usage. All of these tasks are of(More)
BACKGROUND Expiratory rib-cage compression, a chest physiotherapy technique, is well known as the "squeezing" technique in Japan. OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of rib-cage compression on airway-secretion removal, oxygenation, and ventilation in patients receiving mechanical ventilation. SETTING An intensive care unit of an emergency and critical(More)
AIMS Septic shock, the severe form of sepsis, is associated with development of progressive damage in multiple organs. Kidney can be injured and its functions altered by activation of coagulation, vasoactive-peptide and inflammatory processes in sepsis. Endothelin (ET)-1, a potent vasoconstrictor, is implicated in the pathogenesis of sepsis and its(More)
BACKGROUND Adhesive tape is commonly used to secure the endotracheal tube (ETT) in anesthesia and intensive-care settings. OBJECTIVE To determine the force required to extubate when the ETT is secured with adhesive tape or commercially available ETT holders. METHODS We orally intubated a simulation manikin with a standard 8.0-mm inner-diameter ETT,(More)
BACKGROUND Parity increases the risk for coronary heart disease; however, its association with metabolic syndrome among women in low-income countries is still unknown. OBJECTIVE This study investigates the association between parity or gravidity and metabolic syndrome in rural Bangladeshi women. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted in 1,219(More)
UNLABELLED Lightwand devices are effective and safe as an aid to tracheal intubation. Theoretically, avoiding direct-vision laryngoscopy could allow for less stimulation by intubation than the conventional laryngoscopic procedure. We designed this prospective randomized study to assess the cardiovascular changes after either lightwand or direct(More)
INTRODUCTION Expiratory rib cage compression is a chest physiotherapy technique known as "squeezing" technique in Japan. It has been claimed that rib cage compression effectively treats and/or prevents lung collapse, but no studies have been reported on rib cage compression focused on improving ventilation and/or oxygenation in subjects with collapsed lung.(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Early age at menarche is associated with increased risk of metabolic syndrome in both China and the West. However, little is known about the impact of age at menarche and metabolic syndrome in South Asian women, including those from low-income country, where age at menarche is also falling. The aim of the present study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Although endotracheal suctioning induces alveolar derecruitment during mechanical ventilation, it is not clear whether repeated endotracheal suctioning exacerbates lung injuries. The present study aimed to determine whether repeated open endotracheal suctioning (OS) exacerbates lung injury compared to closed endotracheal suctioning (CS) during(More)