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Dexmedetomidine is a central alpha2 adrenoceptor agonist recently shown to be a safe and acceptable sedative agent for patients requiring sedation after brain surgery. We report two patients successfully treated by carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with postoperative management under dexmedetomidine anesthesia for transient ischemic attack (TIA) resulting from(More)
BACKGROUND Tentorial dAVMs as a cause of trigeminal neuralgia are extremely rare. Consensus exists that radical treatment of such high-flow dAVMs should be considered because of their high risk of bleeding. The authors present a case of a 50-year-old man who presented with symptoms of tic douloureux caused by tentorial dAVM, which was treated successfully(More)
BACKGROUND Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the scalp are relatively rare, and their precise natural course remains to be elucidated. We encountered a patient with a scalp AVM that progressively enlarged over the course of 3 years by capturing feeders from intracranial arteries. To our knowledge, ours is the first serial angiographic depiction of the(More)
The combination of trigeminal neuralgia and ipsilateral hemifacial spasm, known as painful tic convulsif (PTC), is a relatively rare entity in neurovascular compression syndrome. A case of PTC attributable to different offending arteries is described, the mechanisms and characteristics of PTC are discussed, and a review of the literature is presented. This(More)
The data for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from the Japanese Standard Stroke Registry Study (JSSRS) were analyzed to evaluate the incidence of SAH according to age, neurological grading and outcome, and outcome of surgical clipping, for comparison with the International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT). From the ISSRS data, the peak incidence of SAH was(More)
BACKGROUND Vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm is now increasingly recognized as a cause of posterior circulation stroke in young adults. Here, we report a case of bilateral VADA with SAH, treated by bilateral coil occlusion using GDCs. CASE DESCRIPTION A 64-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with consciousness disturbance (Hunt and Kosnik:(More)
A traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula and an intracranial pseudoaneurysm are uncommon but well-known complications of head trauma. A rare subtype of arteriovenous fistula may occur from a pseudoaneurysm of the anterior communicating artery (AcoA) instead of the internal carotid artery. We describe a patient with a traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the AcoA with a(More)
The pathophysiologic role of hemodynamic alteration to peripheral vessels in Moyamoya angiopathy and the formation of microaneurysms remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate microaneurysms in collateral Moyamoya vessels by using 7T ultra-high-field MR imaging. Ten patients with Moyamoya disease were evaluated with TOF-MRA at 7T acquired(More)
Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is the preferred method for confirming dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs), but it has the disadvantage of being invasive. In contrast, time-resolved magnetic resonance angiography (TR-MRA) is a useful, noninvasive imaging technique. The aim of this study was to compare the evaluation of DAVFs of the cavernous sinus(More)
We report a case of hemorrhagic giant cell tumor (GCT) of the temporal bone in a 77-year-old woman. The patient suffered from sudden-onset headache and vomiting associated with left temporal hemorrhage. MRI revealed a left temporal extradural mass lesion expanding to the subtemporal fossa, showing strong hypointensity on T(2)-weighted imaging. Subsequent(More)