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OBJECTIVE A positron emission tomography (PET) study has suggested that dopamine transporter density of the caudate/putamen is reduced in methamphetamine users. The authors measured nucleus accumbens and prefrontal cortex density, in addition to caudate/putamen density, in methamphetamine users and assessed the relation of these measures to the subjects'(More)
The origin of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-containing fibers observed in the superior cervical ganglia (SCG) of the rat was investigated by a combined technique of retrograde axonal tracing and indirect immunofluorescence. Following the injection of Fast blue (FB) into the SCG, labeled neurons were observed in the C8-T5 spinal cord segments, with(More)
The actions of excitatory amino acid (EAA) antagonists on synaptic inputs to neurons in the rat medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) from ipsilateral vestibular afferents and vestibular commissures were studied in brain stem slice preparations. Antagonists used were 2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate (APV), a selective antagonist for the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the prevalence and clinical characteristics of cochlear nerve deficiency (CND) in patients with congenital bilateral and unilateral hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective case review. SETTING Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS One hundred fourteen children with bilateral and 56 children with congenital unilateral sensoneural(More)
A novel rat membrane protein, termed Isk protein, that exhibits a voltage-dependent potassium channel activity was first reported through molecular cloning combined with an electrophysiological assay (Takumi et al., 1988). In the present study, we made an attempt to identify the cellular localization of the rat Isk protein in the stria vascularis using two(More)
In the mammalian cochlea, both the sensory cells-called hair cells (HCs)-and nonsensory cells such as supporting cells (SCs) and mesenchymal cells participate in proper auditory function through the expression of various functional molecules. During development, expression of certain genes is repressed through genomic methylation, one of the major(More)
The distribution and ontogenetic development of several neuropeptides such as enkephalin, substance P, somatostatin, neuropeptide Y, and of monoamines such as serotonin and catecholamines in the facial nucleus of the rat were investigated with immunocytochemistry. The neuropeptides were concentrated in certain subnuclei. Enkephalin-immunoreactive fibers(More)
We found that the level of nerve growth factor receptor (NGF-R) mRNA in facial motoneurons was increased after both facial nerve crushing and transection by means of in situ hybridization histochemistry. The increased level of NGF-R mRNA was maintained for at least 8 weeks after facial nerve transection, while facial nerve crushing caused only a transient(More)
The effects of calmodulin (CaM), guanosine triphosphate (GTP) and dopaminergic or beta-adrenergic agonists on the activities of adenylate cyclase were studied in EGTA-washed lysed synaptosomal membranes from rat striatum and cerebral cortex. Based on the free calcium ion concentration-dependence of the enzymic activity, it was found that the stimulatory(More)