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In Arabidopsis, monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) is synthesized by a multigenic family of MGDG synthases consisting of two types of enzymes differing in their N-terminal portion: type A (atMGD1) and type B (atMGD2 and atMGD3). The present paper compares type B isoforms with the enzymes of type A that are known to sit in the inner membrane of plastid(More)
Chlorophyllase (Chlase) is the first enzyme involved in chlorophyll (Chl) degradation and catalyzes the hydrolysis of ester bond to yield chlorophyllide and phytol. In the present study, we isolated the Chlase cDNA. We synthesized degenerate oligo DNA probes based on the internal amino acid sequences of purified Chlase from Chenopodium album, screened the(More)
In Arabidopsis thaliana, we identified a novel gene of a NADPH-protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (POR) isoform, which catalyzes the light-dependent protochlorophyllide a reduction in the chlorophyll (Chl) biosynthetic pathway. The deduced amino acid sequence of the novel POR isoform (PORC) showed significant identities ( approximately 75%) with the(More)
Jasmonates mediate various physiological events in plant cells such as defense responses, flowering, and senescence through intracellular and intercellular signaling pathways, and the expression of a large number of genes appears to be regulated by jasmonates. In order to obtain information on the regulatory network of jasmonate-responsive genes (JRGs) in(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of short periods of isokinetic resistance training on muscle use and strength. Seven men trained the right quadriceps femoris muscles (QF) 9 d for 2 wk using 10 sets of 5 knee extensions each day. Isometric and isokinetic torques of QF were measured at six angular velocities. Cross-sectional areas(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the possible association between the missense Glu298Asp variant of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene and myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) plays a key role in the regulation of vascular tone. Recently, we reported that a missense Glu298Asp variant in exon 7 of the eNOS gene(More)
The effect of contraction types on muscle fiber conduction velocity (MFCV), median frequency (MDF) and mean amplitude (AMP) of surface electromyography was examined in the vastus lateralis of 19 healthy male adults. The subjects performed knee extension both statically and dynamically until they were exhausted. The static contraction was a sustained(More)
Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) synthase (UDPgalactose:1,2-diacylglycerol 3-beta-D-galactosyltransferase; EC catalyzes formation of MGDG, a major structural lipid of chloroplast. We cloned a cDNA for the synthase from cucumber cDNA library. The full-length cDNA clone was 2142 bp, and it contains a 1575-bp open reading frame encoding 525 aa.(More)
We have previously isolated rho GDP dissociation inhibitor (rho DGI) from bovine brain and characterized it. Bovine rho GDI is a protein of a M(r) of 23,421 with 204 amino acids. rho GDI inhibits the GDP/GTP exchange reaction of post-translationally lipid-modified small GTP-binding proteins (G proteins) of the rho family, including the rho, rac, and cdc42(More)