Learn More
UNLABELLED Myasthenia gravis (MG) is mostly caused by anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) auto-antibodies (Abs). Such Abs are undetectable in 10-15% of MG patients, but many have anti-muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) Abs. We injected recombinant rat-MuSK extracellular domain in H-2(a), H-2(b), H-2(bm12) and H-2(d) mice. Certain strains exhibited(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical, histological, and immunological features of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) who also developed myocarditis and/or myositis. DESIGN Observational and retrospective case series. SETTING Keio University, Hanamaki General Hospital, Kanazawa University, Nagasaki University, and Juntendo University. PATIENTS A(More)
We examined the serum levels of cytokines, interferon (IFN)-alpha, IFN-gamma, interleukin (IL)-4, IL-12 p40, and IL-12 p70; those that affect the T helper 1 and 2 balance in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). Among the cytokines tested, only IL-12 p40, together with the serum titer of anti-IL-12 p40 antibody, was significantly elevated in MG with(More)
The authors examined blood pressure, glucose, insulin, and neurotensin before and after intake of 75 g glucose with or without voglibose in 28 neurologic patients and 20 healthy controls. Voglibose significantly prevented hypotension and neurotensin increment after glucose intake and had no influence on glucose or insulin increment. These results suggest(More)
Isopower or topographic electrogastrograms (EGG) correspond to topographic electroencephalograms. Both project the topographic localizations of the spectral frequencies on the abdominal surface or scalp. This paper compares the pre-operative control isopower EGG maps with those of total gastrectomy or total colectomy. EGGs were recorded simultaneously at 27(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to investigate the usefulness of sympathetic skin response (SSR) and heart rate variability (HRV) for the differential diagnosis of patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). DESIGN A diagnostic test study. SETTING Single centre in Japan. PARTICIPANTS We examined 20 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease(More)
The up-regulation of MHC in muscles is thought to be associated with inflammatory myopathies. The expression of MHC class I and class II was examined in muscles of myasthenia gravis (MG). MG muscle specimens from all 5 patients with thymoma and 2 of 5 without thymoma showed MHC class I up-regulation and 3 of 5 with thymoma showed MHC class II. The(More)
To investigate autoantibodies related to excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG), we developed a novel method to detect autoantibodies against dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR). Using this method, we detected DHPR antibody in 37% (11 out of 30) of MG patients with thymoma. Antibodies were not detected in normal nor(More)
Autoantibody against nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) α3 subunit has been implicated in the pathogenesis of paraneoplastic neurological syndrome. To examine the effect of anti-α3 subunit autoantibody on cell-surface nAChRs, we established human embryonic kidney 293 cells stably co-expressing α3 and β4 subunits. Upon incubation with seropositive(More)
We present an 18-year-old patient with Degos' disease who manifested the sudden onset of paraplegia. Neurological examination revealed a rt-hemianopsia, paraparesis (with a sensory level at Th12), and a neurogenic bladder. Brain MRI showed multiple cerebral infarctions accompanied by small hemorrhagic areas and GdDTPA enhancement of the dura. A cerebral(More)