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The metabolic fate and metabolic effects of succinic acid methyl esters were examined in rat isolated hepatocytes. Both the monomethyl ester (SAM) and dimethyl ester (SAD) of succinic acid inhibited D-glucose metabolism. Such an inhibition affected, in order of increasing severity, the direct incorporation of D-glucose into glycogen and futile cycling(More)
In rat hepatocytes exposed to [2-13C]pyruvate, newly formed glucose was more efficiently labeled in the carbon C5 than C2, as well as in the carbon C6 than C1, suggesting enzyme-to-enzyme channeling of D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate between glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and phosphofructoaldolase. Likewise the C1/C2 and C6/C5 ratios for 13C(More)
In rats injected with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 5 gamma mg/g body weight [BWT]), the toxin provokes death within 24 h in 23% of the animals and, in surviving rats, causes a decrease in BWT, hyperlactacidemia, hyperlipacidemia, and hyperketonemia, as well as depletion of both liver and muscle glycogen content. In the liver, LPS severely lowers the(More)
BACKGROUND Succinic acid dimethyl ester (SAD) is efficiently metabolized in several cell types as pancreatic islet cells, hepatocytes, and colonocytes. The purpose of this study was to assess the overall nutritional value of SAD in the whole organism. METHODS SAD was infused at a rate of 80 micromol/g body weight per day in rats starved for either 2 or 4(More)
The activity of glycogen synthase and glycogen phosphorylase was measured in rat pancreatic islet homogenates. For this purpose, the sensitivity of current radioisotopic procedures for the assay of these enzymes in liver extracts was increased by about two orders of magnitude. Even so, the measurement of glycogen synthase and phosphorylase in islet(More)
The metabolism and metabolic effects of succinic acid methyl esters were examined in both NG108-15 mouse neuroblastoma x rat glioma hybrid cells and normal rat brain cells. The conversion of the dimethyl ester of 14C-labeled succinic acid (10 mM) to 14CO2 only represented 5% or less of that found at an equimolar concentration of D-[U- 14C]glucose. Neither(More)
The metabolism of the dimethyl ester of succinic acid (SAD) was examined in myocytes. When expressed in terms of CO(2) output, the oxidation of SAD (10 mM) only represented 30-40% of that of an equimolar concentration of D-glucose. Except for a modest decrease in D-[5-(3)H]glucose utilization, SAD failed to affect the catabolism of exogenous D-glucose. SAD(More)
The dimethyl esters of succinic acid (SAD) and glutamic acid (GME) were found to be efficiently metabolized in colon carcinoma cells of the Caco-2 line. The rate of [1,4-14C]SAD and [2,3-14C]SAD conversion to radioactive acidic metabolites, CO2, amino acids, pyruvic acid, and lactic acid suggested that the catabolism of the ester-derived succinic acid(More)
Succinic acid monomethyl ester (SAM) was recently proposed as an insulinotropic tool in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Three models were now used to investigate whether SAM protects the B-cell against the impairment of glucose-stimulated insulin release caused by either glucose deprivation or starvation. In the first model, preincubation of the(More)
The generation of 13C-labelled lactate by colon carcinoma cells of the Caco-2 line incubated for 120 min in the presence of [2-13C]propionate (10 mM) was assessed by 13C NMR. About 10% of the total amount of 13C-labelled lactate was recovered in the cell pellet and displayed a [2-13C]lactate/[3-13C]lactate isotopomer ratio of 1.18 +/- 0.01. An even higher(More)